Latin Ecclesiastical Glossary of Francis Pieper’s Christian Dogmatics

Other Ecclesiastical Latin Study Resources

2,449 Most Frequent (>9 times) Latin Words in Concordia (Book of Concord)
John F. Collins’ Ecclesiastical Latin Vocabulary

Latin Translation 中文
1a posteriorifrom following (observed observation or experience)
2a priorifrom previous (reasoning or knowledge from theoretical deduction)
3a privativumletter “a” as prefix
4a silentiofrom silence
5a Spiritu Sancto per verbum Dei collatusgiven by the Holy Spirit through the Word of God
6ab impossibilifrom an impossible position
7ab ordine rationis nostraefrom order of our reasoning
8aboleveruntthey have abolished
10Abrahae dictae sunt promissiones et semini eius. Non dicit: ‘Et seminibus,’ quasi in multis, sed quasi in uno: ‘Et semini tuo,’ qui est Christus. (Galatians 3:16)These promises were said to Abraham of his seed and not “to seeds” as many but as one. ‘In your seed’ which is Christ.
12absconditusadj. hidden, secret, concealed
13absoluteadv.& adj. fluent; finished; perfect; PPL. freed, released
14absorbeaturit is absorbed or swallowed up
15abstracteadj. abstract; adv. abstractly
16abstractum pro concretoabstract before concrete
17Abusus non tollit, sed confirmat substantiamThe abuse does not destroy the essence but confirms it.
18accedereto approach, agree with, be added to
19Accedit verbum ad elementum et fit sacramentum.The word comes to the element and it becomes a sacrament. (St. Augustine)
20acquisitaadj. acquired, having-been-acquired
21actio communiscommon action
22actio Dei praeviaa previous action of God
23Actio est non in homine, sed circa hominem.The action (of justification) does not take place within man, but it surrounds or encircles him. {in + abl.: in, on; in + acc: into, about, to}
24actio in distansaction taken from a distance
25actio theandrike the work of God-man
26actio, actionesaction(s); acts; activities
27actiones circa elementum quoddam externum et visibile occupataeactions (designated by God) concerning a certain external and visible 【occupied】element
28actiones et passionesactions and feelings
29actiones internae et externaeinternal and external actions
30actiones semper sunt personarum sive suppositorum intelligentium. Opera sunt personis propria.The actions always pertain to (all of the) persons or supposed minds. The works are attributed to the individual person: Re. Trinity (propria: individual, special)
31activa contritioactive contrition
32active se habetto work actively (he has actively)
33active se habet sive co-operatur(man as) being active or co-operating (in conversion)
34actuwith action
35actu forensiwith public action
36actu primowith first action
37actu secundowith second action
38actualis apprehensio gratiaeactual apprehension of grace
39actus apprehendithe act of apprehension
40actus apprehendi sive volendi gratiam(faith as) an act which seizes or desires grace
41actus benevolentiae quo Christo bona volumusan act of goodwill (Love) with which we desire good things from Christ
42actus concupiscentiae, quo Christum volumusan act (faith) of concupiscence (strong-desire) by which we want Christ
43actus credendian act of belief
44actus fiduciaean act of trust
45actus forensis [sive iudicialis]a judicial action (or trial) : ref. to God’s declaration of justification of men for Christ’s sake
46actus medicinalis, sed forensis(a ref, to justification as a declaratory) act of judgement, (not) a medicinal (or gradual) process
47actus naturalesnatural action; action which all men do
48actus personalespersonal action (those actions of Christ performed by the human nature, based on its personal union with the divine)
49actus physicus sive medicinalis(a ref. to justification as) a physical or medicinal act
50actus praeparatoriipreparatory action
51actus primusfist action (quiescence; state of inactivity or passiveness)
52actus purissimusmost pure action (state of constant activity experiencing no interruption)
53actus secundussecond action (state of activity)
54actus unionisact of union (the act which brought about the personal union; the event of the incarnation)
55actus, ut sic dicams passivusas I have said, (faith) is a passive act
56ad elementumtowards the element
57ad extratowards the outside (opposite of actions inwardly)
58ad libitumat one’s pleasure
59ad literamto the letter (instructions)
60ad nauseamto sickness (to make the reader or listener sick with it)
61ad solum spiritumtowards spirit alone (a ref. to the Holy Spirit coming to the human spirit without intermediary means)
62ad summam papae potestatem stabiliendamtowards the top of the establishment of power of pope (for establishing the power of the papacy)
63Adami voluntas erat ‘interpres’ voluntatis omnium hominum.The will of Adam was the interpreter of the will of all men.
64adhaerere Christoto cling to Christ
65adhuc hodiefor this day
66adiaphoron, adiaphoraindifferent (a matter(s) not set forth in Scripture, thus one of choice for the believer)
67adiguntthey compel/impel/force (adigo, adigere, adegi, adactus)
68adiunctum accidentalean accidental quality (not really belonging to the essence of a thing or action)
69admixti ecclessiaethey are mixed in with the church (hypocrites)
70admonitiones evangelicaerequirements of the Gospel
71admonitiones legalesrequirements of the law
72adoptioadoption (the state of having become a son of God)
73adspicithe looks (to look at the outward appearance: a quality of man)
75aequivocationesequivocal or ambiguous statements (aequi: equal)
76aequivoceequivocally; with a different meaning; ambiguously
77aeternitas Deithe eternity of God; God is not subject to time
78affectibuswith affections / love
79affectionesaffection, mood, purpose
80affectiones vere divinaetruly divine affection
81affectusaffection, emotions
82agendoby doing (future passive participle: gerunds, gerundive)
83agennesiathe Father as being unbegotten
84agereto do or make
85Alia est persona Patris, alia Fili, alia Spiritus SanctiThere is one Person of the Father, another of the Son, and another of the Holy Spirit: Athanasian Creed (alia … alia …: some … others …)
86alienis illis causiswith these alien reasons (an unessential point made in an argument)
87alienum opusalien work (not the first purpose)
88aliquid in hominesomething in man (making him meritorious in God’s sight)
89aliquid in nobissomething in us
90aliquo modoin any mode or manner (with some way)
91aliunde et ab extrafrom another person and from external: ref. to Christ’s receiving the exaltation not from within Himself according to the divine nature but from elsewhere and from a source outside of Himself
92alloeosis (Gr.)an adjustment of either subject or predicate to fit the other (The purpose of the alloeosis, as used by Zwingli, was denial of the communication of attributes.)
93alluminatioderived or shared illumination
94alter Martinusone Martin (ref. to Martin Chemnitz)
95alterum infinitumanother infinite thing
96amanuensessecretaries: the Holy Writers
97amorto love
98amovere studethe desires to move away
99amplectito embrace
100An fides sit iustificationis nostrae causa organica seu instrumentalis?Is faith both organic (man) or instrumental cause of our salvation?
101An promissiones evangelicae sint conditionales?Whether the promises of the Gospel would be conditional? (Quenstedt)
102An Sacra Scriptura seipsam interpretetur?Whether Holy Scripture interpret itself?
103analogiceanalogously (in the same manner or degree)
104angelus increatusthe uncreated angel, i.e., the Second person of the Trinity
105anhypostasiaimpersonality; lacking individual personality (hypostasis is ‘person’ of the divine Trinity in Eastern theology.)
107animal, animalesadj. animal, living
108animal, ens vivumanimal, living being
109animale corpusthe animated body: man in his totality
110anni discretionisthe year of discretion (识别善恶的年龄)
113ante usumbefore the use; before the thing is put into action
114antecedensthat which proceeds another or comes first
115antecedentemPPL. preceding
116antequam Lutherus in lucem emerseratbefore Luther emerged into the light
118anthropophagithe man eaters, cannibals
119antilegomenathose books of the Bible lacking universal approval of the church as canonical (homologumena)
120Apocatastasis (ἀποκατάστασις)the doctrine that ultimately all free moral creatures—angels, men, and devils—will share in the grace of salvation
121apotelesma, apoteleamata (Gr.)abbreviation for the genus apotelesmaticum by which Christ’s natures work with and through each other
122apotheosis (Gr.)deification; the treatment of a human like a god
123appetitus sensitivusman’s sensuous nature; bodily desire
124applicatio individualiaindividual application (application of grace in an individual way through the sacraments or absolution)
125applicatio salutis a Christo acquisitaethe application of the salvation acquired by Christ
126apprehensio fiducialisapprehension trust (the trusting acceptance of truth)
127apprehensio fiducialis fideiapprehension trust of faith (an act of faith as trust (whereby it seizes Christ) )
128apprehensio simplexthe simple acceptance (of a fact by the mind)
129apprehensio theoreticathe theoretical apprehension (as a knowledge; acknowledgement of a fact as true without personal commitment)
130apprehensio voluntatisthe voluntary or wilful acceptance of a truth
131apud Deumin the presence of God (indicating action within God)
132Arbitramur enim iustificari hominem per fidem, sine operibus legis.We think that man is justified by faith without the works of the law. (Rom 3:28)
133Arbor scientiae boni et mali occidit virtute verbi prohibentisThe tree of the knowledge of good and evil kills by virtue of the word of prohibition (commandment)
134argumentum trepidantis conscientiaethe argument of an anxious conscience
135argutias illastheir own cleverness or subtleties
136arrhae et tesseraepledges and tokens: ref. to means of grace in Reformed theology
137articuli antecedentesantecedent articles: those doctrines leading up to justification
138articuli consequentesconstituent articles: those doctrines flowing from and based on justification
139articuli fundamentalesfundamental articles
140articuli fundamentales secundariisecondary fundamental articles: Eg. the means of grace
141articuli non-fundamentalesnon-fundamental articles (from the Bible)
142articulus fundamentalissimusthe most fundamental article, i.e.: justification
143articulus omnium fundamentalissimusthe most important article, i.e.: justification
144articulus stantis et cadentis ecclesiaearticle of standing and falling churches: that article of Christian doctrine, the affirmation of which supports the church and the denial of which destroys the church: ref, to justification as the chief doctrine
145ascensio in coelum per incarnationem factaChrist’s ascension into heaven (through having-been-caused incarnation) was accomplished through the incarnation: (an opinion held by Brenz)
146asini Lovaniensesthe asses of Louvain: Luther’s designation of the theologians from the same place
147assensusassented/agreed/approved: the acceptance of a fact as being true
148assensus historicushistorical agreement: acceptance of a fact as historically true
149assistentia divinadivine help (helping divine)
150attemperareto adjust
151attributa immanentiaimmanence attribute: those divine attributes which concern only God (attributa immanentia, quiescentia, ἀνενέργητα.)
152attributa operativaoperative attribute: those divine attributes which function in regard to the created world (These attributes are also known as attributa relativa, operativa, transeuntia, ἐνεργητικά.)
153attributa quiescentiaquiet attribute: those divine attributes which are not active in regard to the created world
154attributa relativarelative attribute: those divine attributes which are related to the created world
155attributa transeuntiaattributes transcendence: those divine attributes which pass from His essence to the created world
156attributioneattribution; a statement making an assertion
158auctor primarius Scripturae Sacraethe foremost / first author of the Holy Scriptures: God
159auctoritas divinadivine authorities (acc)
160aut … auteither … or: the necessity of making a decision between two choices
161avaritiacovetousness; avarice: one of the so-called mortal sins (贪婪)
162baptismi nullam vim essebaptisms (that none is strength) have no power
163Baptismus est opus, non quod nos Deo offerimus, sed in quo Deus nos baptizat, videlicet minister vice Dei, et hic offert et exhibet Deus remissionem peccatorumBaptism is a work, not which we offer to God, but in which God baptizes us; it is evident that the minister takes God’s place and here God offers and produces the forgiveness of sins: Apology
164baptismus flaminisbaptism of fire (outpouring of Holy Spirit)
165baptismus fluminisbaptism of river (the sacrament of baptism)
166baptismus sanguinisbaptism of blood (martyrdom)
167Beatitudo consistit in perfecta Dei visione et fruitioneThe blessedness (of heaven) consists in seeing God perfectly and in pure bliss. (Bless consists in perfect of God with vision and with enjoyment)
168beatorumof the blest
169bellum omnium contra omnesthe war of all against all
170Bene docet, qui bene distinguitIt teaches well, that it distinguishes well.
171bene fieri debentthey ought to be done well
172bene placitiwell pleased
173beneficia, quae in suo corpore Christus nobis praestititthe benefits, which are in Christ’s body are presented to us
174beneficium, beneficiabenefit(s)
175benevolentiamgood will (kind, friendly)
176benevolus Dei affectusthe goodwill and affection of God (in man’s behalf)
178bona fidein good faith; used to establish reliability of an act or statement
180bonum iustificumgood justification: a ref. to Christ and His works as the justifying ingredient in salvation; to Christ as the object which justification brings: not used in Lutheran theology since justification, whereby faith is engendered, is no longer the object of faith.
181bonus textualisa good exegetical scholar
182calamipens: the Holy Writers
183capacitas nolendiunwilling capacities: the inner ability or capacity not to desire a thing
184capacitas volendiwilling capacities: the inner ability or capacity to desire a thing
185capereto seize
186capito be seized
187captivaveruntthey have captured or shackled (the sacraments)
188caput visibilea visible head
189cardinem rerum vidisti et ipsum iugulum petistiyou have seen the hinge thing and attacked it, the throat (you have seen the central point and have grabbed me by the neck. (Luther’s words to Erasmus when the latter had seen Luther’s doctrine of justification))
190carentia conformitatis cum legenon-conformity to the law (be without conformity with the law)
191carnalesfleshy; sinful
192carnalis esuseaten flesh
193castigationes paternaefatherly chastisements
194catechismus pia et utili explicatione illustratusA catechism illustrated by a pious and useful explanation
195causacause; the agent of an action or state
196causa [causae] gratiae et salutiscause(s) of grace and salvation
197causa discretionisthe cause of the discretion; that which is responsible for the difference cause
198causa discriminis in hominea cause of discrimination in man: used in the question of why some are saved and others not
199causa efficiensthe efficient cause
200causa efficiens (principalis) (conversionis)efficient (principle) cause (of conversion) (a philosophical term used in theology indicating the prime or absolute cause or reason for an action or condition; the instigating cause)
201causa efficiens conversionisthe efficient cause of conversion
202causa exemplaris imaginis divinae non una divinitatis persona, sed Deus triunus estThe pattern of the divine image found in man is not one person in the Deity, but the Triune God.
203causa impulsiva completahaving-been-completed impulsive cause (a cause which is able to bring about the desired result: some Lutheran theologians held that grace joined with faith fits this description; others thought grace by itself was the only cause)
204causa impulsiva externa principalisimpulsive and external principal cause (a ref. by same Lutheran theologians to Christ’s merit as the outside first cause leading to salvation)
205causa impulsiva externa sive προκαταρκτικήexternal impulsive cause or preliminary
206causa impulsiva minus principalisimpulsive and less principal cause (a ref. by some Lutheran theologians to faith as the impelling cause of justification, though a lower level than grace, which was considered a first cause)
207causa instrumentalisinstrumental cause
208causa liberafree cause
209causa materialismaterial cuase
210causa mediamediating cause (ref, to the means of grace as mediating cause in justification; they are not the first cause, but rather the means through which salvation is accomplished)
211causa meritoriameritorious cause
212causa ministerialisministerial cause (an intermediate cause between the first cause and the result; the means)
213causa minus principalisless than principles cause (a basis of theology or philosophy having less authority than that which it substantiates)
214causa peccaticause of sin
215causa principalisprincipal cause; first cause
216causa sine qua nona cause, without which it could not be; a necessary cause (conditio sine qua non)
217causae peccati actualis extra hominemthe causes of actual sin existing outside of man
218causae peccati actualis intra hominemthe causes of actual sin in the human race
219causae secundaesecondary causes
220causae sociae creationisa collection of the causes of creation (creation corporation)
221causae virtualiter sive in puncto rationis causantesvirtual causes or cause from the point of reason
222causam discretionisthe cause of the difference
223Causam exemplarem creationis ideae divinae rerum creandarum constituuntThey constitute exemplary cause of creation of divine idea of thing of the created. (God’s thoughts about the creatures served as the pattern for creation.)
224cautio de ratocaution about reason (rato: passive participle can act as noun)
225certa persuasio de remissione peccatorumthe firm conviction (wrought by faith) concerning the remission of sins
226certae (as) metae (as), certas metasfixed limitation(s)
227certae et clarae Scripturaesure and clear Scripture (passages)
228certitudo coniecturalisconjectural certainty
229certitudo et gratiae praesentis et salutis aeternaecertainty and grace of present and eternal salvation
230certitudo gratiae (et salutis)the certainty (that a Christian possesses) grace (and salvation)
231certo Dei decretowith firm decree of God
232certum aliquidsomething certain
233certum Dei decretuma firm decree of God
234certum est activecertainty is active (to be the cause of certainty)
235ceterum censeofurthermore, I propose …
236ceu vasculis et plaustrisas vessels and vehicles (means of grace in Reformed theology)
237character indelibiliethe indelible character (or disposition given in ordination to priests)
238chiliasmus crassissimus, crassus, and subtilisthe crassest, crass and subtle type of chiliasm
239chiliasmus crassuscrass chiliasm
240christiani sunt ecclesiaChristians are the church
242ChristologiaChristology; on the doctrine of Christ
243Christum crucifixumChrist crucified
244Christum vere adesse et efficacamChrist is truly present and efficacious (in the Lord’s Supper)
245Christus Deus nuncupativusChrist as God in name only
246Christus ipaum totumthe whole Christ Himself (ref. to Lord’s Supper)
247Christus quidem fuit legis doctor, sed non legislator.Christ taught the law, He did not institute it.
248Christus sacerdos impeccabilisChrist, the sinless (high) priest.
249cibus corporalisthe bodily food; food for the body.
250circuminceasiototally surrounding
251citra et contra voluntatem suam, inscii ac invitiwithout and contrary to their will, unknowingly and unwillingly
252“Clamitat ad coelem vox sanguinis et Sodomorum, Vox oppressorum mercesque retenta laborum”To heaven cries the voice of the blood and of the Sodomites, The voice of the oppressed and the withheld wage of the laborers.
253claritasclarity (the quality of being intelligible)
254clausa ianuaclosed doors (ref. to Christ’s passing through closed doors after His resurrection (John 20:19))
255clauso sepulchrowith closed tomb (ref. to Christ’s passing through the stone tomb after His resurrection)
256clauso uterowith closed womb (ref. to Christ’s birth by means of the closed womb)
257clementer praescire (praescivit)to graciously foreknow (he knows)
258clementiamercy, grace; merciful
261coactiocoercion; force
263coelum (Dei) maiestaticumthe majestic heaven of God
264coelum beatorumheaven of blesses
265coelum empyriumfiery heaven (a supposed region of pure fire in which God dwells with the angels and the saints)
266coena dominicaSunday dinner
267coessentialisco-essence (pertaining to the same substance or essence)
268coetusa meeting
269coexistentialisco-existential (pertaining to the same substance or essence)
270coexistunt loco corporeo vel corporiThey (angels) exist either in corporeal place or in a body
271cognitio abstractivaabstract knowledge, i.e. knowledge conveyed through concepts
272cognitio Dei abstractivathe abstract knowledge of God (that divine knowledge conveyed through words)
273cognitio Dei intuitivathe intuitive knowledge of God (that knowledge that is received on direct contact)
274collatiobestowal (noun.: placing together)
276commentarius de vera et false religione“A Commentary On the True and False Religion” (a theological work; by Ulrich Zwingli)
277commiscenturthey are mixed
278committo, committitto commit; to hand over power; he commits
279commixtivamixed (commixta: mixed)
280communicatio actionum inter sea communion of action among themselves, i.e., the two natures
281communicatio idiomatumthe communication of attributes and properties in the Person of Christ
282communicatio naturaruma communion of natures
283communicativecommunicated (ref. to that which is given or communicated and hence not originally belonging to the essence or nature)
284communiocommunion, fellowship
285communio corporiscommunion of the body
286communio naturarumthe communion of natures
287communis(adj.) common
288compendiumabstract, summary; ref. to a handbook in dogmatics
289complectito embrace
290comprehensus et circumscriptus (Christus)seized and abridged (Christ) (the opinion that Christ is enclosed and confined to heaven: ref. Christology)
291compulsus indirectus ad Christuman indirect compulsion to Christ
292conceptio miraculosa (mirabilis)miraculous conception (of Jesus Christ by the Holy Spirit)
293conceptus est de Spiritu Sancto, natus ex Maria virgine.conceived by the Holy Spirit, Born of the Virgin Mary
294concio evangelicaa preaching of the Gospel
295concio legalisa preaching of the law
296concio legalis realisa preaching of the real law
297Concordia Concorsagreeing Concord: a treatise by Hutter in defense of the Formula of Concord, written specifically against the Concordis Discora of Hospinian: all titles here listed indicate a play on words
298Concordia Discorsdisagreeing Concord: a treaciae by Hospinian direcded against the formula of Concord: the title indicates a play on words
299concreteadv. concretely; adj. concrete; PPL. thickened
300concretumfactor, concrete, firm/solid matter, mixed
301concretum naturae divinaeconcrete divine nature (Christ’s divine nature considered by itself)
302concretum naturae humanaeconcrete human nature (Christ’s human nature considered by itself)
303concretum personaeconcrete person (Christ’s personality considered as both divine and human)
305concupiscentia carnis, concupiscentiae carnisdesire(s) of the flesh
306concupiscentia vel fomesdesires or fuel (chips of wood for kindling a fire): in Roman Catholic theology the inborn desire to sin
307condescendereto condescend; to accommodate one’s self to lower conditions (屈尊)
308conditio sine qua nona condition, without which it could not be
309condonatio seu remissio peccatia giving away or taking away of sin
310confectumadj. complete, PPL. completed
311confessioconfession (of faith: Apostles Creed)
312confessio orisconfession of the mouth (in Roman Catholic Theology s ref. to the confession of sins as a part of penance)
313conficereto finish
314confirmatio voluntatis in bonoconfirmation of will in good (a ref. to the human will be confirmed permanently in good in heaven)
315confluxusconfluence; the place where rivers, things, or ideas flow together (having-been-confluenced) (confluvium)
316conformitas cum legis(obedience as) conformity with the law
318conscientia dubiaa doubting conscience
319conscientia erroneaan erroneous conscience
320conscientia opinativean imagined conscience
321conscientia probabilisa probable conscience
322conscientia rectaa right conscience
323conscientia veraa conscience of truth; a conscience in conformity with the will of God
325consensus ecclasiathe unanimous opinion of the church
326Consensus Quinquesaecularisthe unanimous belief of the church in the first five centuries; the title of book by Georg Calixtus
327consequensa consequence; a necessary result of an act (following)
328conservatio mundipreservation of the world
329consilia evangelicaevangelical counsels (aids in fostering salvation in the Roman Catholic Church, eg. celibacy etc. )
330constantinopolitanumNicaeno-Constantinopolitanum Creed: longer than Nicene Creed, especially the section on the Holy Spirit
331constituebantThey set up
332constituoI setup
333constitutiocontstitution; nature; character
334consubstantialispertaining to the same substance or essence
335consubstantiatioconsubstantiation: the belief that in the Lord’s Supper the supernatural elements of Christ’s body and blood exist along side of the natural elements of bread and wine.
336Consulo, praecipio, consentio, provoco, laudo, Non retego culpam, non punio, non reprehendo, Non obsto, sed praecipio et defendo aliena.I counsel, teach, consent to, provoke, laud, Do not reveal the guilt, do not punish, do not reprehend, Do not resist, but teach and defend the sins of others.
337consurgimuswe rise up or ascend
338contemptus sacramenti damnat, non privatio.Despising the sacrament damns, not the lack of it (St. Augustine)
339contentum pro continentecontainer on behalf of content
341contingentia rerumthe contingency of things, i.e., things happen by chance
342continuata actioa continuous act: used as a description of faith in Lutheran theology
343continuata illuminatiocontinual enlightenment; a synonym for daily repentance
344continuata regeneratiocontinual regeneration; a synonym for daily repentance
345continuata resuscitatiocontinual resurrection; revitalization of one’s Christian life; a synonym for daily repentance
346continuuma continuing action
347continuus Dei in creaturas influxusthe continuous influence of God in (His) creatures
348contraagainst; to be against an argument
349contra fucatam fidemagainst a counterfeit or simulated faith; against carnal security (against colored faith)
350contra Iudaeosagainst the Jews
351contra principium negantem disputari non potest.a debate is impossible where there is no unanimity on the principle (It can not be disputed against refusing of principles)
352contra principium, i.e., sola Scripture, negantem disputari non potestDiscussion is impossible with anyone who denies the principles of the Holy Scripture as the one basis of authority
353contradictio in adiectoan additional contradiction (畫蛇添足)
354contradictoria(more than) contradictory
355contradictoriae Dei Voluntatesopposing wills of God
356contritiocontrition; sorrow; sadness; remorse over sins
357contritio cordissorrow of the heart (in Roman Catholic theology a part of penance)
358contritio passivapassive contrition (the sorrow of the heart worked by God)
360conversio ad Deumconversion to God
361conversio continuatacontinual conversion: a synonym for daily repentance
362conversio intransitivaintransitive conversion (man as the one who is converted by God)
363conversio momentanea estIt is momentary conversion. (conversion is instantaneous)
364conversio primafirst conversion: the acceptance of Christ by faith
365conversio reiteratareconversion; the second, third, etc. conversion
366conversio secundasecond conversion: the life of sanctification of good works
367copula verbalis ‘est’ non est capax tropiThe copulative verb “is” is not capable of (trope) meaning a metaphor: Hollaz
368cordatiores“the wiser ones (cordatus, cordatior, cordatissimus) “
369corde apprehendereto accept with the heart
370corporaliter, ut in corporebodily, as in the body: Latin translation of “bodily’ in Col. 2:9
371corpusbody: ref, to Christ’s body in Lord’s Supper; the body of a human being and other uses
372corpus doctrinaeall Christian doctrines considered as a unified whole (the body of doctrine)
373corpus extimumexternal body: the uttermost extension of space
374corpus maiestaticumthe majestic or glorified body of Christ
375corpus mysticummystical body (of Christ) (the church)
376corruptio hereditariainherited corruption
377corruptio hereditaria, quae in omnes homines per carnalem generationem derivaturhereditary depravity, which is passed along in all men through the fleshly or sinful birth
378corruptio humanae naturae hereditariathe inherited corruption of human nature
379creatio continuacontinuing creation
380creatio continuataa continuous creation
381creatio ex nihilothe creation out of nothing
382creatio mediatamediated Creation; a creation out of preexistent material
383creaturae DeiGod’s creatures or His creative works
384Credo, ut intelligamI believe so that I may understand; faith precedes knowledge
385creo (creavi)I create; I have created
386crimen laesae maiestatis divinaethe crime of offending the divine majesty (crime of having-been-striken divine majesty)
387crucianscrucifying: a cross bearer
389crux theologorumthe cross of theologians
390crux theologumthe cross of the theologian: a ref. to the attempt to reconcile gratia universalis (God’s grace to all men) and sola gratia (salvation by grace alone, particular election of certain persons)
391Cui bono?“Good for whom? (phrase) “
392culpa hereditariainherited guilt
393cultus civilisrespect for civil authority (worship of civility)
394cultus divinusworship of God
395cultus mediatorisworship of mediator (the human nature of Christ)
396cultus religiosusreligious service eg. worship
397cultus vere divinusa truly divine worship
398cum certa fiduciaconfidently; with certain confidence
399cum communicatione alteriusin (constant) communion with the other
400Cum facta sumptione panis descendit in ventrem et alteratur, estque iam cibus corporalis, desiit ratio sacramenti.when the bread has gone down into the stomach and is changed, and it is already the food of the body, the sacramental purpose ceases.
401cum grano saliswith a grain of salt: certain ideas should not be taken too seriously
402cum illis rebus, quae videnturwith those things, which are seen
403cum non aequalibus aequalia dividatunequally he divides the equal (God distributing grace unequally to men)
404cur alii prae aliis?Why someone before others? Why some are chosen in preference to others? (a phrase used in connection with the doctrine of election)
405cur alii, alii nonwhy some are chosen and others not? (a phrase used in connection with the doctrine of election)
406Cur Deus Homo?Why a God Man? (book by Anselm, showing the necessity of the incarnation and defending the vicarious satisfaction)
407cur non omnes?Why are not all chosen? (a phrase used in connection with the doctrine of election)
408cura pietatis the promotion of piety
409curaeconcern, attention, care, command
410curavitindicates an editor (he arranges)
411curiosae quaestionesquestions for the sake of curiosity
412currereto run
413Damnant AnabaptistasThey damn Anabaptists. (The Latin word ”damno” indicates an antithetical statement in the Lutheran Confession in which false doctrine or an opposing opinion is condemned. The above words refer to a condemnation of an Anabaptist position)
414“Damnatio consistit in aeterna separatione a visione Dei. “Condemnation is eternal separation from the presence of God.
415damnatorumPPL: condemned; adj. of condemned; n. of the condemned
416dativus causae efficientisdative effective causes (a grammatical term ref. to the dative of cause in Gr.)
417de angelis on angels
418de baptismo on baptism
419de beatitudine aeterna on eternal life or bliss
420de bonis operibus on good works
421de coena (sacra) on Sacred Supper (the Lord’s Supper)
422de condignoabout worthy
423de congruoabout agreeing
424de constantia foederis gratiaeabout constant covenant of grace: Reformed dogmatics teaching inadmissibility of the covenant faith
425de consummatione mundion the end of the world
426de consummatione seculion the end of time
427de conversioneon conversion, which is the beginning of faith
428de creationeon creation
429de cruceon cross, i.e., Christian suffering
430de damnatione aeternaon eternal damnation or perdition
431de decretis divinison the divine decrees
432de deoon the doctrine of God
433de discrimine legis et evangeliion the proper distinction of Law and Gospel
434de duabus natabout the Two Natures in Christ
435de duabus naturis in Christoabout the Two Natures in Christ: a book written by Martin Chemnitz, defending Lutheran Chriatology
436de ecclesiaon the church
437de ecclesia universalion the universal church
438de ecclesiis particularibuson particular churches
439de electione aeterna sive de praedestinationeon the eternal election or predestination
440de eschatologiaon eschatology, the last things, the occurrences associated with the Last Day or Day of Judgment
441de factoon fact
442de fide abstracta, vel absolutafaith in the abstract or absolute sense: the method of speaking of faith as if it were not connected with an individual
443de fide concreta, composita, seu incarnatafaith as a concrete part of an individual; incarnate faith: the method of speaking of faith as part of an individual, eg. “Abraham believed God”, “The just shall live by his faith.”
444de fide iustificanteon justifying faith
445de fide salvificaon saving faith
446de gratia Dei salvificaon saving grace of God
447de gratia Spiritus Sancti applicatriceon the application of grace by the Holy Spirit
448de gratis Dei erga homines lapsoson the grace of God towards fallen men
449de hominis iustificatione coram Deoon the justification of men before God
450de imagine Deion the doctrine of the image of God
451de iudicio extremoon the last or final judgment
452de iureon the law
453de iustificationeon the justification
454de lege et evangelioon the Law and Gospel
455de materia resurrectionison the matter of resurrection
456de mediis gratiaeon the means of grace
457de mediis salutis in genereon the means of salvation in general
458de ministerio ecclesiasticoon the ministry of churchman
459de morte temporalion the temporal death
460de natura et constitutione theologiaeon the nature and character of theology
461De nihilo nihil fitfrom nothing, nothing is made
462De occultis non iudicat ecclesiaon hidden church does not judge
463de opera Christion the work of Christ
464de opera sive officio Christion the work and office of Christ
465de particulis exclusionis in articulo iustificationis et salvationison small exclusion in the article of justification and salvation (not allowing for the intrusion of works)
466de peccatis actualibuson the actual sins
467de peccatoon the sin
468de peccato in generein which sin is considered (on sin in general)
469de peccato originalion the original sins
470de perseverantiaon the perseverance (enduring in the faith till death)
471de persona Christion the person of Christ
472de resurrectione mortuorumon the resurrection of the dead
473de sacramento ordinison the sacrament of ordination
474de sanctificatione et bonis operibuson the sanctification and good works
475de Scriptura Sacraon the Sacred Scripture
476de servo arbitrioLuther’s book “Bondage Of The Will”
477de statibus exinanitionis et exaltationison states of humiliation and exaltation
478de statu hominis ante lapsumon the state of man before the Fall
479de Trinitateon the doctrine of the Trinity
480de vera participatione christi carris et sanguinis christi in sacra coenaon true participation in the body and blood of Christ in the Holy Supper
481debitumdebt; obligation
482decalogumDecalog: the Ten Comasndments
483decalogum quendamthe certain ten commandments
484Decisio SaxonicaThe Saxon Decision (limiting to some extent the divine attributes exercised by the human nature)
485decretum de editione et usu sacrorum librorumthe decree on the edition and use of the holy books
486deferreto carry down; convey; reduce
489definitiva praesentiadefinitive presence (praesentia invisibilis: invisible presence)
490deformitasdeformity, defect
491Dei in creaturas influxusGod’s influence on the creatures
492Dei morsthe death of God
493dei nuncupativiof so-called god: those who are called “gods”; a ref. to those who stand in God’s place and rightfully exercise His authority, eg. parents, teachers, etc.
494Dei passioThe suffering of God
495Dei sanguisthe blood of God
496delirium, deliriadelirium, hallucination
497demandata estit is committed
499denominatio fit a parte potiorithe name for an object is determined by its most significant part. Metonymy is made by better part.
500Denominatio fit a parte potiori. Ex parte digniori et potiori totum intelligitur.The name of an object is determined by its most significant part. They are understood the whole from the most worthy and important part.
501Deo excitanteincited by God
502Deo invisihated by God: a ref. to man in the state of sin
503Deo volenteby God’s will: (a prayer)
504Deo volente et inspirationeby the will and inspiration of God
505dependenter a Deodepend on God (dependenter: dependingly)
506depositioputting aside (deposition)
507depositumn. deposit; residue
508descensus (Christi) ad inferos(Christ’s) descent into hell
509descensus Deithe descent of God
510desiderareto desire
511desiderium gratiaethe desire for grace
512desiderium gratiae divinae et aeternae salutisthe desire for divine grace and eternal salvation
514destituitur autoritate Sacrae ScripturaeIt is lacked with/for/to authority of the Scripture
515Deum esse placatumGod is appeased
516Deum non vides, tamen Deum agnoscis ex operibus eius.You don’t see God, however you recognize God from God’s works.
517Deus ab omni compositione vera et reali liber estGod is free from any true and real parts. (God is without component parts)
518Deus absconditusthe hidden God
519Deus creatusa created God
520Deus est exlexGod is not subject to the Law (lawless)
521Deus impartibilisthe indivisible God: God is not capable of being divided into parts
522Deus non definiri, sed ex verbo suo revelato describi potest.God is not to be defined, but He can be described by His own revealed word.
523deus nuncupativusso-called god, the god only in name
524Deus praedicatusthe preached God
525Deus producit volandoby an act of His will God creates (God products with/for/by flying.)
526deus propter Christum absolvens sive iustificansGod forgives and justifies on account of Christ
527deus propter peccata damnansGod damns on account of sin
528deus revelatusthe revealed God
529Deus superbis resistit, humilibus autem dat gratiam. Cui est gloria in saecula saeculorum. AmenGod resists the proud but gives grace to the humble. To whom be glory forever. Amen
530Deus temporis est expers.God of time is free.
532devotum Davidicumdevoted David (a ref. to Ps. 51, a psalm of David, “in sin did my mother conceive me”; used in some Lutheran baptismal liturgies)
533diaboli incantatiothe incantation of the devil; to cast demonic spells
534dialogus de natura humanaa discussion on the nature of man
535Dicit Dominus: ‘Ego et Pater unum sumus’.“The Lord said: ‘I and the Father are one’.”
536dictait is said
537dictante Spirita Sanctospoken by the Holy Spirit
538dictum (dicta)speech, words
539dictum horribilea horrible word
540differentia specificadestinguishing marks
541differre in aeternam scholampostponing in eternal school (postpone answering till an answer in heaven is provided)
542dikaioun (Gr)to declare righteous in the forensic sense
543diligendoloved, must be loved, holding attention
544diligenter retinendus sitit should be diligently retained
545dimensio corporisbodily dimension
546directiodirection, guidance
547disparatum (disparata)contradictory statement(s) (separated)
548dispensatiorelaxation of law: ref. the incarnate Christ and His work
549dispositiodisposition: a technical term for the state of man prior to the act of justification itself used in Roman Catholic theology
550disputandi causafor the sake of argument
552distinguit ecclesiam a reliquis omnibus gentibus et superstitionibus(a ref. to justification as the mark which) It distinguishes the church from all peoples and superstition
553distinguuntur personae divinae actibus personalibus, proprietatibus et notionibus personalibusthe divine persons are distinguished in personal acts, attributes and personal distinctive marks (judicial examination of persons)
554distributio meriti Christithe distribution of Christ’s merit
555divinitas (divinitatis, divinitati, divinitatem, divinitate) divinity, Deity
556diviniusadj. divine
557Dixeris egregie, notum si callida verbum reddiderit iunctura novum.You have an excellent gift of speech, if a word with a commonly accepted meaning is subtly used in a new way. (Horatius) (You spoke excellently, if the known word skillful translated with new association.)
558diximus promissionem et fidem correlative esse.We say that the promise and faith are correlatively.
559docendi causafor the sake of teaching
560docta plebsinformed people (ref. to Christians as well versed in doctrine)
561doctrina divinadivine doctrine (doctrine revealed by God)
562doctrina e revelatione divina haustadoctrine is taken from (cut out of) God’s revelation
563doctrina e Scriptura Sacra haustadoctrine is taken from (cut out of) Holy Scriptures
564doctrina ex Verbo Dei exstructadoctrine is made from the Word of God
565doctrina humanahuman doctrine (human teaching)
566doctrina(m) justificationisthe doctrine of justification
567dona creatacreated gifts: used in Reformed Christology
568dona finita extraordinariaextraordinary finite gifts
569dona vere divina et infinitatrue/really divine and infinite gift
572donum concreatumgift that is created together: ref. to the divine image as being given simultaneously with the creation of man
573donum Deia gift of God
574donum finituma finite gift
575donum gratiaea gift of grace
576donum naturalea natural gift (the divine image as belonging originally to the nature of man)
577donum superaddituman added gift: the Roman Catholic doctrine that the divine image was added after the initial creation of man and thus not a part of man’s original essence
578doxa (Gr. )glory
579duae actionestwo actions
580duae reapse distinctae voluntatestwo really distinct wills
581dubiamdoubting (as in doubting conscience)
582duliareligious veneration given to a creature: veneration in the Roman Catholic Church offered, to the saints
583duos pilos caudae equinae et commentum, cuius vel ipsum Satanam pudeattwo hairs of a horse’s tail, a fiction of which would even shame Satan: the Reformed view of the Lutheran position in the Lord’s Supper as recorded in the Solid Declaration (two hairs of a horse’s tail, and fiction of which even Satan himself shames.)
584duplex ususa twofold or double use (eg: the Old Testament sacrifices served two purposes)
585Dux vel vehiculum Spiritui non est necessariumThe Spirit needs no guide or vehicle: a ref. to Spirit’s freedom from use of the means of grace as maintained by the Reformed (guidence even vehicle of Spirit is not necessary.)
586dynamicus, dynamispower
587eadem fidesthis faith
588eandem numero actionemone single action; an action which is one or singular in nature
589eandem numero actiones divinae ad extrathe same number action of divine towards outside (towards the created world God’s actions are unified in respect to the Persons)
590eandem numero essentiathe exact same essence (persons in the Trinity)
591eandem numero essentiam cum Patre habens(Christ having) the identical essence as the Father does
592eandem numero essentiam et easdem numero operationes ad extra(Christ having) the identical essence and the same actions towards outside (the created world)
594ecclesia apostolicathe apostolic church
595Ecclesia de occultis non iudicatThe church doesn’t judge on the secrecy.
596Ecclesia Dei non habet potestatem condendi ullum articulum fidei, sicut nec ullum unquam condidit, nec condet in perpetuum.the church of God has no authority to establish any article of faith, just as she never has done so and will never do so.
597ecclesia heterodoxa, impuraa heterodox and impure church
598ecclesia invisibilis estthe church is invisible
599ecclesia militansthe militant church; the church on earth
600ecclesia orthodoxa, puraan orthodox and pure church
601ecclesia particularisan individual church
602ecclesia primitivathe early church
603ecclesia repraesentativathe representative church; a group representing the church at large
604ecclesia triumphansthe triumphant church; the sum total of believers in glory
605ecclesia universalis sive catholicathe universal or catholic church
606ecclesiae admixti sunt secundum societatem externamare mixed with the church according to external society.
607ecclesiae representativaethe representative churches
608effectum historiaehistory effect
609effectusresult (s); effect (s)
610effectus historiahistory effect
612efficacia divinadivine efficiency
613efficacia irresiatibiliefficiency of resistance: a ref. to God’s efficaciousness as withstanding all resistance
614efficaciameffectiveness, efficiency
616efficientia vere divinatruly divine efficiency
618effundereto pour
619egoI; the individual self considered as a source of theology
620ego odi meI hate myself
621electio intuitu fidei finaliselection of final faith that to be foreseen: an opinion held by the Lutheran theologians that the divine election of God was based on whether the person died in the faith
622electus, electithe elect
623elenchusa pearl used as an earing: ref. to the gospel
624elevareto elevate
625elevarito be lifted up
626eligebantthey elected or chose
628elohim (אֱלֹהִים)God
629enarratioexposition; Scriptural exegesis
630Enarrationes in GenesinExposition of Genesis: Luther’s book
631energesis (ενεργησης)action
632enhypostasis (Gr.)impersonality of Christ’s human nature; a ref. to the human nature of Christ; subsisting in the divine personality of the Logos (The state of the human nature of Jesus Christ being entirely dependent on, and not existing independently of, the divine nature of God as a whole.) (“Hypostasis”: is one of the three hypostases (Father, Son, Holy Spirit) of the Trinity)
633ens increatum et creatumthe uncreated and created being: Jesus Christ
634ens summumbeing the highest one
635ens vivumalive being
636enthusiasts (enthusiastae)enthusiasm: the attitude of a person who receives direct revelations from God
637eo ipsoby the thing itself
638eo usqueitself thus far; up to itself
639episcopis et presbyteristhe bishops and elders (pastors)
641epitheta ornantiaembellishing epithets, or euphemisms
642ergotherefore: used in an argument to indicate the conclusion
643erogataspent; paid out; expent
644errare humanum estto err is human
645errare in Deum non caditGod cannot err; it is inconsistent for God to err
646erroneumerroneous (erroneus, erronea, erroneum)
647esseto be; the being or essence of a thing or person
648esse extra carnemexistence outside of the flesh
649essentiaessence; what a thing is in itself
650essentia et attributa divinaGod’s essence and attributes
652essentientur et vegetenturThey would be invigorated and be to invigorated. (possess their own being and to have life essential life (have their being and life) (endowed with essence and enlivened))
653estis (used by Lutheran theoloy in connection with the Lord’s Supper to indicate that the Scriptures teach that the earthly elements are (is) Christ’s body and blood)
654est enim Phase, hoc est transitus DominiFor this is the Passover, the passing-over of the Lord.
655est non volentis hominis, sed sustentantis DeiIt (perseverance) is not on the will of man, but on the sustaining activity of God.
656est pro significatthe “Is” stood for “signifies” (words of Zwingli in regard to the Lord’s Supper)
657et aliiand other (persons) (alii … alii)
658et efficaxand effective
659et eundemand the same
660Et iterum de Patre et Filio et Spiritu Sancto scriptura est: ‘et tres unum sunt,’ And again about Father and Son and Holy Spirit is scripture: “and three are one,”
661et quam simillimi deprehensithey are really very similar (the lost and damned being of the same essential sinful nature. (and who similar having-been-seized) (most similar to them))
662etiam sciens volensqueeven knowingly and willingly
663evangelium proprie acceptumproper treatment of the Gospel
664ex accidentiby chance
665ex animoearnestly; heartily
666ex aquaout of water: to be made out of water
667ex carne contaminata et horribiliter polluta(Christ’s birth) from contaminated and horribly polluted flesh
668ex cathedrafrom the seat (an infallible proclamation of the pope from the chair of St. Peter)
669ex cordefrom the heart (used of extemporaneous prayers)
670ex Erasmi consuetudinefrom the ideas or writings of Erasmus
671ex interna sua perfectionefrom its own Internal perfection (the Intrinsic value of Christ’s redemptive work)
672ex machinafrom the machine (an idea used in the Greek tragedies whereby the dilemma of the hero would be solved by a god coming out of heaven: a solution that comes not from logic but from nowhere)
673ex mundoout of world (John 17:11, 15 where Christians are said not to be of the world)
674ex nolente volens(a willing man is made) out of an unwilling
675ex nostratibus(some) of our own men
676ex occasione accidentariabecause of an accidental situation
677ex occasione fortuitofrom casual occasion (because of an advantageous situation)
678ex opere operatofrom worked work (the work of itself effects the result: a ref, to that Roman Catholic opinion that the action of the sacrament brings about the desired result independent of the recipient’s disposition)
679ex opere operato sine bono motu utentisfrom worked work without good motion of used (a ref. to the salutary effect of sacrament totally independent of the recipient’s disposition)
680ex parte Deiout of the part of God
681ex parte hominisout of the part of man
682ex praevisa fide finalifrom foreseen final faith (God’s foreknowledge of whether a person would die in the true faith, which in turn is considered by some to the basis of the divine election)
683ex praevisione fidei finalisfrom pre-vision of final faith (in view of faith at the time of death)
684ex professoexpressed, declared
685ex sanguine corruptodefiled by blood
686ex scrinio pectoris suifrom the shrine of his own heart; his own idea
687ex sefrom itself
688ex sese, non autem ex consensu ecclesiae irreformabiles essefrom itself, but not from agreement of church to be in-reformable (a line taken from the Vatican Decree of 1870 dealing with the decrees of the Pope: The decrees, are infallible or above correction because of their very essence, and not because the church consents to them)
689ex temporefrom time
690ex terrafrom land
691ex totototally; wholly
692exaequatio naturaruman equalization of the natures
693excarnatioexcarnation; a leaving of the flesh: see incarnatio
694excitaturman is stimulated or excited
695excrementum Satanas, quo diabolus sibi et hominibus illudatthe excrement of Satan, by which the devil fools himself and men: a Reformed opinion of the Lutheran position on the Lord’s Supper as quoted in the Solid Declaration
696Exegesis Uberior Loci de Scripturesuperior exegisis of a Scriptural passage
697exemploby example
698exercereto exercise
699exercitium fideithe exercise of faith; faith in action in distinction to faith as a quality or dormant state
700exinanita forma Deiemptied (outward) appearance of God: ref. to Christ’s humiliation
701experientiaexperience; trial
702experto crede RupertoRupert believe in what has been tested
703expetereto desire
704expressis verbisexplicitly stated
705extemporeat the time; used of prayers spoken spontaneously without formal preparation
706extendere manusto stretch forth the hands
707externa politiaan external polity
708externae resexternal affairs; matters, things
709externis rebusexternal things
710extortum coactioneextorted constraint (obtaining something throughout fear or extortion)
711extraoutside, in addition to
712extra CalvinisticumCalvinistic outside: ref. to the Reformed or Calvinistic thought that after the Incarnation, the second person of the Trinity still exists apart from the flesh or the person of Jesus of Nazareth: a partial incarnation
713extra carnemout of the body
714extra Christumoutside of or not including Christ
715extra controversiam positum estsituation is outside of controversy (the maintenance of a position above and beyond controversy; unanimous agreement)
716extra cor nostrumoutside of our heart; generally a ref. to salvation
717extra ecclesiamoutside the church; ref. to unbelievers
718extra ecclesiam salus nullathere is no salvation outside of the church
719extra enthusiasticumoutside/beyond/without/except enthusiastic: the opinion of the enthusiasts that Christ or the Spirit work apart from the word
720extra hos limitesbeyond these limitations
721extra Logonoutside or apart from (the hypostatic) Word
722extra muros ecclesiaeoutside the walls of the church: an unbeliever.
723extra nosoutside of us
724extra nos ipsosoutside of ourselves: generally a ref. to salvation
725extra Scripturamoutside of Scripture
726extra suam carnemoutside of His Flesh or humanity
727extra usumoutside of its use: used in Lutheran theology to teach that the power of sacraments does not come from faith
728extra usum a Christo institutumapart from the use instituted by Christ
729extrema stultitiaextreme folly; utter foolishness
730facta externa et effectus operisan external act and result of a work (used primarily in Reformed Christology)
731facultas applicandi se ad gratiumthe ability of applying yourself to grace
732facultas aversandi gratiamthe ability to resist grace
733facultas docendithe power, ability, office of teaching
734facultas se applicandi ad gratiamthe ability to appropriate grace to himself
735falsae religionesfalse religion
737favor DeiGod’s favor
738favor Dei propter ChristumGod’s grace on account of Christ
739favor sive misericordia Deifavor or mercy of God
740fiatlet it be (an absolute command)
741Fidei RatioReason of Faith: Zwingli’s book
743fides abstracta seu absolutafaith in the abstract or absolute sense: the method of speaking of faith as if it were not connected with an individual
744fides acquisitafaith acquired (by man on his own efforts)
745fides actualisactual faith (which actually appropriates to itself Christ’s blessings; real faith)
746fides carbonariathe faith of the burner (blind or unquestioning faith in all taught by the church: The charcoal burner upon being asked what he believed, answered “What the church believes”. Then being asked, what the church believed he answered, “What I believe.”)
747fides caritate formatafaith consisting of love (faith formed love)
748fides caritate sive operibus formatafaith consisting of love and works: used in Roman Catholic theology
749fides Christi crucifixiFaith of crucified Christ
750fides concipitur et confirmatur per absolutionem, per auditum evangeliifaith is conceived and confirmed through the absolution, through the hearing of the Gospel (Apology)
751fides concreta, composita, seu incarnatafaith as a concrete part of an individual; incarnate faith: the method of speaking of faith as part of an individual, eg. “Abraham believed God”, “The just shall live by his faith.” (faith of concrete, composed, or incarnate )
752fides directaa directed faith (as it is focused on its object i.e. Christ)
753fides divinadivine faith: faith created by God
754fides elevata deprimendathe rejection of the opinion that faith is made part of the principle cause of salvation (depressed alleviated faith?)
755fides ex parte hominis ad salutem consequendam necessaria is a prerequisite for man if he is to appropriate salvation (It is necessary that faith from part of human towards following salvation.)
756fides filios Dei facit.Faith makes sons of God.
757fides finalisfinal faith: faith at the moment of death; to remain for life till death in faith
758fides formataformed faith: the Roman idea that faith has certain justifying elements in itself
759fides generalisgeneral faith: a belief in God, without seeing the significance of the remission of sins
760fides heroicaa heroic faith (not bound to rules)
761fides historicaa historical faith (believing that an event is historically true)
762fides humanahuman faith (faith accomplished by man’s powers alone)
763fides implicitaa complicated faith (a faith incapable of being expressed or articulated; a faith with specific knowledge (Roman Catholic theology))
764fides in Christum crucifixumfaith in the crucified Christ
765fides iustificansjustifying faith
766fides iustificat non propter se, ut est in homine qualitas, sed propter Christum, quem apprehenditFaith does not justify on account of itself, as if there is quality in man, but rather on account of Christ which it grasps.
767fides nunquam est sola, sed iustificat solafaith is never alone, but it alone justifies.
768fides qua crediturFaith by which (other thing) is believed. personal faith (unseen faith) (qua: abl.)
769fides qua iustificatfaith in so far as it justifies (faith by which one justifies)
770fides qua iustificat, sive qua iustificans estfaith in so far as it justifies or in so far as it is justifying
771fides quae crediturFaith that itself is believed. Faith (the doctrine: the teaching concerning Christ) which is believed. (intellectual beliefs) (quae: nom.)
772fides quam deus efficit vel operaturthe faith which God effects or works. (God effects or works the faith.)
773fides reflexareflective faith: faith which is conscious of its own existence (not important in Lutheran theology)
774fides salvanssaving faith
775fides salvificasaving faith
776fides specialisspecial faith; faith as the possession of the individual
777fidesolariosa term used by Roman Catholic theologians of those who upheld the sola fide: (See sola fide)
779fiducia cordisfaith of heart: faith as a trust of the heart
780fiducia in voluntatea willing trust
781fiducia suiconfidence in himself
782fiduciamfaith (acc)
783figura corporis figure of a body: Oecolampadius on the Lord’s Supper
784figuram corporisshape of a body
785filii Dei incarnatiincarnated son of God
786filii redemptioredemption of son: the redemption obtained by God the Son
787filioqueand from son: a ref. to the procession of the Holy Spirit from both the Father and the Son
788filius Dei adoptivusadopted Son of God (adoptive son of God)
789filius Dei incarnatusthe incarnate Son of God
790filius Dei naturalisthe natural Son of God
791filius Dei natus vel ab ipea nativitateHe was born the Son of God even from his birth
792finalis ἀπιστίαfinal unbelief
794finispurpose; goal; end
795finis cuifor whose benefit
796finis cui coenae sacraefor whom the Lord’s Supper is intended
797finis cui Scripturae Sacrae omnes sunt Christiani, imo omnes hominesthe Holy Scriptures are intended for all Christians, indeed, even for all men.
798finis cuiuswhose end, which purpose; what goal
799finis cuius coenae sacraethe purpose of the Lord’s Supper
800finis cuius proximusthe nearest whose/which/what end
801finis externusthe outward goal, purpose
802finis intermediusthe intermediate purpose of theology
803finis internusthe inward goal; content
804finis theologiaethe goal of theology
805finis theologiae ex parte hoministhe purpose of theology from man’s point of view
806finis ultimusthe ultimate purpose
807finitae qualitatesfinite qualities (Reformed theology)
808finitum non capax infinitithe finite not capable of infinite
809finitum non est capax infinitithe finite is not capable of infinite
811fomestinder; fuel: in Roman Catholic theology the inclination to sin
812formacontent, form, shape: opp. of materia the outward shape; a distinction used in classical Lutheran theology and medieval philosophy
813forma baptismithe form of baptism
814forma beatitudinis aeternaethe form or nature of eternal bliss or life
815forma coenae sacraethe form of the Lord’s Supper
816forma conversionisthe form of the act of conversion, i.e., the engendering of faith
817forma materialisthe form of material
818formale peccatiformal sin
819formaliteressentially; pertaining to the nature of a thing or person
820formaliter causantescauses bringing about actual results; these are not to be considered part of God’s essence
821fortuitoaccidentally, fortuitously, adj. casual, with accidents
822fuerit unitawas united
823fundamenta sanae doctrinaefoundation of pure teaching
825fundamentum organicumbasic instrument: the word of God as the foundation of faith, since it brings Christ: the formal principle in theology
826fundamentum propriumproper basis
827fundamentum proximumthe closest or most immediate foundation
828fundamentum substantialeessential foundation: Christ as the foundation of faith: the material principle in theology
829fundatafirmly established
830garrio (garriunt)to chatter, babble (they babble)
831generatio aequivocageneration from equivocal
832generationeby birth
833genitivus causaethe genitive of cause; where the genitive case in Greek indicates the cause of the action
834genitivus obiectivusthe objective genitive; where the genitive in Greek indicates the object of the action
835genusbirth, origin; race; kind; class; mode/way
836genus apotelesmaticumthat classification of attributes in Christology whereby each nature operates with the other, thus resulting in one theothropic act
837genus auchaematikonanother term for the genus maiestaticum teaching the enrichment of Christ’s human nature by the divine nature
838genus idiomaticumthe attributes of both God and Man are predicated of the Person of Jesus Jesus Christ
839genus loquendiway of speaking
840genus maiestaticumthe attributes of Christ’s divine nature are ascribed and communicated to the human nature
841genus tapeinotikona classification of attributes in Christology teaching that Christ’s divine nature was impoverished through the incarnation: not used in Lutheran theology
842Geus temporis est expers.God does not participate in time. (God of time is free.)
843gignunt fidem sive medium ληπτικόν ex parte hominismeans of reception (means of grace) produces faith from part of man
845gloria in excelsisGlory in the Highest
847gradusgrade(s); division(s)
848graecitas factiscensGreek factiscens?
850Gratia Conversionis Resistibilis EstGrace of conversion is resistible. : the grace which is responsible for conversion can be resisted
851Gratia Dei erga homines lapsos non particularis, sed universalis estGod’s grace towards fallen men is not particular (limited), but is universal
852gratia Dei salvifica est gratuitus Dei favor propter Christumthe saving grace of God is God’s gracious favor for Christ’s sake
853gratia infusaInfused grace; (1) Roman Catholic: a good quality given by God to man whereby salvation may be obtained (2) Lutheran: a good quality given by God to man belonging to sanctification and not justification
854gratia inhaerensgrace residing in an individual
855gratia irresistibilisirresistible grace
856gratia nisi gratis sit, non est gratia.Grace unless it is grace, it is not grace
857gratia particularisspecial grace
858gratia resistibilisresistible grace
859gratia sacramentalissacramental grace
860gratia salvificasaving grace
861gratia seria et efficaxgrace is serious and efficacious
862gratia Spiritus Sancti applicatrixthe grace which is applied by the Holy Spirit
863gratia sufficienssufficient grace
864gratia universalisuniversal grace (to all men)
865Gratia, nisi gratis sit, gratia non est. Gratia non est gratia ullo modo, si non sit gratia omni modo.Grace, unless it is grace, is not grace. Grace is not grace in any manner, if it is not grace in every manner. (St. Augustine)
866gratia, universalis, seria, et efficaxGod’s grace is for all, serious, and efficacious
867gratuitus Dei favor(em) (propter Christum)God’s gracious favor (for the sake of Christ)
868gratuitus favorgracious favor
869gravissimae causaeweighty reasons; very grave and compelling causes
870gubernatio divinadivine guidance, governance
871gulagluttony: one of the so-called mortal sins (throat)
872habituscondition; attitude; aptitude; disposition
873habitus otiosusan idle condition
874habitus practicustheology as a practice, aptitude; the purpose of theology is its use
875habitus spiritualisthe spiritual aptitude (to be a theologian, given by the Holy Spirit)
876habitus spiritualis, supernaturalis, θεόσδοτος, a Spiritu Sancto per verbum Dei collatusthe spiritual supernatural aptitude, given, by the Holy Spirit through the word of God
877habitus supernaturalisthe supernatural aptitude (to be a theologian given by God)
878habitus vitiosus acquisitusan acquired evil attitude acquired
879Haec fides vivificat contritosthis faith enlivens the contrite
880Haec opinio legis inhaeret naturaliter in animis naturally knows that he must obtain salvation by doing the works of the Law.(That opinion of law stuck naturally in human beings’ souls.)
881Haec subscriptio non legitur in codiceThis subscription is not gathered in the manuscript.
882hamoousiaconsubstantiality; Christ’s essential unity with the Father in respect to Deity (same essence)
883hancthis (acc)
884hapax legomenon (χάπαξ λεγόμενων)a word appearing only once in the original languages of the Bible (so called)
885Helena ubiquitariaubiquitous Helen; the Helen who is everywhere
886hemisphaerium inferiusthe lower sphere; the nature sphere; the sphere beneath the supernatural
887hexaemeronthe six day creation
889hocthis: a term used connection with the Lord’s Supper
890hoc agit Deus praedicatusthis preached God delivers
891hoc estthis is
892hoc est corpus meum, hic est sanguis meusthis is my body, this is my blood; words of institution concerning the Lord’s Supper
893hoc generethis way / kind
894hoc proprium solus fidei opusSuch special work (is done) solely by faith
895hoc tamen non obstantenevertheless, nothing withstanding: a term used in argument
897hominemman (acc)
898homoman: generic sense
899Homo est certus passive, sicut verbum dei certum est active.Man is certain passively, as God’s word is certain actively.
900homo gratusa pleasing man
901homo in statu medio constititusman situated in an intermediate state (between belief and unbelief)
902homo iustificatusthe justified man
903homo libere se convertitman converts himself freely
904homo mere passive se habetman himself is merely passive
905homo peccatorman the sinner
906homo renascensreborn man (in the act of being reborn or converted, but still not actually reborn or converted)
907homologoumenathose books of the Bible received as canonical by nearly all sectors of the church (contrast: Antilegomena)
908homoousios (Gr.)same essence: Christ’s essential unity with the Father in respect to Deity
909honoris causafor the sake of honor: a ref. to a title bestowed by honor and not merit
910horrendae idolatriae crimena crime of horrible idolatry
912hostiliter repugnathe fights back hostilely: a ref. to the human nature which vigorously fights off God’s efforts to convert it
913Hutterus Redivivusthe title of the republished dogmstical work of the 17th century theologian Hutterus edited by Karl Hase in the 19th century (Secondhand Hutterus)
914hyperduliahyber-veration: veneration in the Roman Catholic church offered to Mary and Christ’s human nature
915hypostasis, hypostases (Gr.)person(s) of the Trinity
916iam est iustificatahe is already justified
917iam tumeven then
918idem effectusthe same effect
919Idem est creare et conservarecreation and preservation are the same thing
920idem per idemthe same through the same: arguing in a circle: establishing the validity of a statement through the statement itself
921idiomataidiom; attributes; properties
922ignaveadv. weakling, lazy, weak, inactive, slothful
923ignorantia Deino knowledge of God
924illi confiditIt (faith) relies on that.
925illocalis modus subsistendian illocal mode of subsistence
926illuminatithe enlightened
927illuminatioillumination; enlightening
928imago simillimaa very close resemblance
929immaculata conceptiothe immaculate conception (the sinless conception of the Virgin Mary)
930immanentia Deithe immanence of God; His indwelling in the world
932immediata Spiritus Sancti operatioa direct working of the Holy Spirit
933immediate operantia est Spiritusthe Spirit works directly (without means, eg. the word: opinion of Zwingli)
934immensitasimmeasurability: without measure; infinite in regard to space
935immortale Deithe immortality of God (an edict of Leo XIII, published in 1885)
936immutabilitas Deithe immutability of God or His unchangingness
939impium monstrumunholy monstrosity
940impliciteintricately; adj. confused
941impoenitentia finalisfinal impenitence; to die in unbelief
942Impossibile est.It is impossible.
943impropriae et tropicaefiguratively or not in the proper sense
944impugnationem veritatis agnitaeassault on the realized truth
945impulsum et mandatum scribendithe incitement and the command to write
946imputatia mediateindirect imputation
947imputatio immediatadirect imputation
948imputatio peccati Adamiticithe imputation of Adam’s sin
949in absentiaabsent, not present
950in abstractoabstractly; theoretically
951in abstracto realiin abstract real: the actual existence of a thing in abstract form
952in acie minus valetin discussion it has less value (it has less convincing power in a controversy) (in battle-line it is less powerful)
953in animis vestrisin your spirits (the translation of Philippians 1:6)
954in Aristotelemto Aristotle
955in bono confirmaticonfirmed in good, i.e., unable to sin
956in carnein the flesh
957in Christum ferrito go to Christ (to bring in Christ) (running after Him)
958in Christum tendereto strive after Christ (to strive in Christ)
959in concretowith firm evidence; concretely; actually
960in copula est non posse esse tropumthe copulative “is” cannot be a trope, that is, metaphorically understood
961in defectuin failure
962in Deoindicating action within God
963In Deo sunt causae virtualiter causantesIn God the causes have the actual effects. 【God as He is revealed. (in God cause and effect are not two essentially (formaliter) different things, because there is nothing outside God which can cause something in the absolute God. 上帝沒有因果過程。】
964in deum non cadit accidensno accident falls in God: nothing happens by chance with God; God is not subject to chance or fate
965in disputationibusin controversies
966in eadem culpain the same sin
967in effigiesymbolically (in likeness, image)
968in et cum carne(a ref. to Christ’s divine nature working) in and with flesh
969in excessuin excess; excessively
970in extenso (ad)extensively (in)
971in foro divinoin the divine forum, i.e., the divine heart
972in hominewithin man
973in literas redigereto reduce to letter; to put into writing
974in malo confirmaticonfirmed in evil, i.e., unable to do good
975in materiain material: opposite to “in forma”
976in memoriamin memory
977in nosin us: a ref. to the opinion that justification takes place within a man
978in nuceadv. in a nutshell; briefly stated; in the embryonic phase; said of something which is just developing or being developed
979in plenariam usuroationem, manifestationem et declarationem divinae maiestatis collocaretur(after Chist’s resurrection) he would be established in the full use, manifestation and declaration of His divine majesty
980in posterioriin following; in next; in order
981in potestate hominis est, velle se convertere et nolle se convertereman has the power within himself to convert himself or to refuse conversion (it is in human power, will to convert himself or not convert himself)
982in praedicamento qualitatisin the category of quality, i.e., a passive state of affairs
983in praedioamento relationisin the category of relation, i.e., an active relationship
984in praxiin practice
985in prioriin the previous; ahead
986in puncto aliquo mathematicain some math point: a ref. to the moment of conversion as being mathematically calculable
987in puris naturalibusin clear sky of natures: being in the original state of his birth or creation
988in rein thing, in fact
989in ritibus adiaphorisin the adiaphoria of rites: in customs not forbidden or ordered by Scripture, thus a matter of choice
990in scrinio pectoris papaein the shrine of the pope’s breast or heart
991in scrinio sui pectorisin the shrine of his breast or heart; the place where the pope receives revelations
992in signo rationisin the sign of reasoning: understanding something abstractly by signs in the mind; logically
993in solidumentirely; completely; wholly
994in statu confessionisin a condition of confession
995in statu integritatisin a condition of integrity
996in statu peccatiin a condition of sin
997in statu temptationisin the state of temptation
998in superbiam elatusbe lifted up in arrogance
999in utramque partemin one of two parts
1000inamissibilis innocentsia et immortalitaeil-lostable innocence and immortality
1001incantatiocalling upon
1002incarnatusbecame-flesh: a term from the Nicene Creed indicating that the Word
1003inclinatio ad malum acquisitaa propensity for evil is acquired
1005incorporeuswithout a body
1006incorporeus, incorporea, incorporeumimmaterial; without physical substance
1007incurrit in oculosit strikes the eye
1008indocta plebsuninformed people; doctrinally ignorant persons
1009ineffabile illud pietatis mysteriumthis indescribable mystery of piety: great is this mystery of godliness or religion: ref. to 1 Tim. 3:16
1010ineptiusmore absurd, foolish, unsuitable, silly
1011infallibiles doctoresinfallible teachers; prophets and apostles
1012inferni sive damnatorumHell or of the damned: as the “lower” place and the abode of the damned
1013infinitas Dei the infinity of God
1014infirmitates communescommon weaknesses (attached to human nature)
1015infirmitates personalespersonal defects
1016ingenitus Deusunbegotten God
1017inhabitatio essentialis iustitiaethe indwelling of the real or essential righteousness: a description of Osiander’s opinion of justification
1018inhaesivainherent: belonging to one’s nature 【personal sinlessness (ἀναμαρτησία inhaesiva)】
1019initiis obstaYou resist from the beginning (to sin).
1020innascibilitas et improcessibilitas(distinguishing attributes of the Father whereby He is) neither begotten nor proceeding
1021innatainnate; inborn; natural
1022innocentia puerilischildlike innocence
1023innocentia virilismanly or adult innocence
1024insanesenseless; without intelligence
1026inscii ac invitiwithout knowledge and will
1027insignis philosophusan outstanding philosopher
1029institutacustom, principle, institution
1030institutio divinadivine or God established institution
1031institutumcustom, principle, institution (a theological work: used variously in Christendom)
1032instrumenta gratiaeinstruments or means of grace
1033instrumenta oblativa sive dativathe means of oblative or given: the means of grace which actually offer and give grace
1034instrumenta operativa sive effectivathe mean of (grace as instruments which actually) operative or effective (salvation in the individual)
1035instrumenta sive media Spiritus Sanctiinstruments or means of the Holy Spirit
1036instrumentaliterinstrumentally, through means
1037instrumentuminstrument; means
1038instrumentum (peraonaliter) coniunctuman instrument personally joined or connected
1039instrumentum coniunctuman instrument being an integral part of the user: a ref. to the human nature as the instrument of the divine nature (instrument connection)
1040instrumentum separatuma separate instrument: a ref. to the human nature treated in isolation from the divine nature. Rejected by Lutheran theology.
1041instrumentum separatum et instrumentum unituma separate instrument and a united instrument: a ref. to two different views of Christ’s human nature as it relates to the divine. The first is the Reformed view, the second is the Lutheran
1042instrumentum unituma united instrument
1043instrumentum ἄεργον et instrumentum σύνεργονan instrument which remains inert and an instrument which cooperates: (a ref. to two different views of Christ’s human nature as it relates to the divine. The first is the Reformed view, the second is the Lutheran)
1044intellectus intellect
1045intelligendoPPL. understood
1047intelligereto understand
1048intelligo ut credamI understand so that I may believe (knowledge precedes faith; attributed to Peter Abelard)
1049inter disputandumduring a debate
1050inter se longissime distincta et plus quam contradictoria separata suntfrom each other farthest separate and more than contradiction they are separated. (Luther: “They are furthest distinct from each other and farther separated than opposites.”)
1052intercessio Christi in statu exaltationis est applicatoria.the intercession of Christ in the state of exaltation is efficacious (in the application of the benefits of His redemptive work)
1053intercessio generalisgeneral intercession: prayer for all men
1054intercessio in statu exaltationis non est satisfactoria.the intercession of Christ in the state of exaltation is not in itself part of the redemptive work
1055intercessio realisreal prayer: a ref. to the opinion that the Father continually looks wit favor on the redemptive work of Christ without actual vocalized requests
1056intercessio specialisspecial intercession: prayer made for the benefit of particular persons, eg. the sick, catechumens, etc.
1057intercessio verbalisverbal intercession: a ref. to the opinion that Christ continually speaks to the Father in our behalf
1058interior (Spiritus) illuminatiothe interior illumination (of the Spirit)
1059interitus mundi secundum accidentiathe destruction of the world only in regard to its accidents; (a change of the world, but not a total change by complete destruction)
1060interitus mundi secundum substantiamthe destruction of the world in actual substance
1061interna remissiointernal justification; personal justification
1062interrogatioinquiry, question
1063intra carnemwithin the human nature
1064intuitu fidei (finalis)faith to be foreseen: a ref. to that theory of election which holds that God’s predestination is based on the faith or lack of faith at the moment of death
1065inusitataeunusual, strange
1066invidiaenvy; jealousy: one of the socalled mortal sins
1067invisibilewith invisible / spiritual
1068invitans ad familiaritatem sui, dulcis alloquioinviting towards intimacy of his own men, someone sweet: inviting sweetly with consolation to a most intimate friendship with God
1069invocatioa calling upon; invocation, eg. prayer
1070invocatio angeloruminvocation of angels
1071involant in ministerium ecclesiasticumShe seizes the church ministry: a ref. to women who baptize; seizing illegally the ministerial function of the church: Reformed theology
1072ipsa conteret caput tuumShe shall crush his (Satan’s, Serpent’s) head: Vulgate translation of Genesis 3:15, where Mary, instead of the Messiah, is interpreted as the conqueror (Himself/herself will crush your head)
1073ipse tractus internusinternal dragging itself (man is converted through the inward action of the Holy Spirit)
1074ipse tractus internus immediate operantis est Spiritus.Spirit itself draws (man through) internal and direct works (for conversion).
1075ipsissima verba (Iesu Christi)the exact words (of Jesus Christ)
1076ipsius Dei in terris vicariusVicar of God himself on earth
1077ipsum agendi actumto perform the act itself (act shall be acted itself)
1078ipsum iugulum petistiyou have attacked throat itself
1079iraanger; wrath; one of the so-called mortal sins
1080ita, ut oculis possit observarithus, so can be observed with eyes
1081iudaica opinioJewish opinion
1082iudex controversiarumthe arbitrator of (doctrinal) controversy (Eg. the Bible, Pope, Church)
1083iudicium discussionisdiscussion of Law (trial/legal process of discussion)
1084iudicumof judge, conviction
1085Iugulum (meum) petistiyou have grabbed (my) throat: an assault on the most important part of an argument
1086iurare in verba magistrito swear in words of teachers
1087iurerightly, justly
1088iure divinoby divine right
1089ius circa sacra sive in sacraa rule around or in sacred matters
1090ius inter hominesjustice among men
1091ius naturale vere est ius divinum, quia est ordinatio divinitus impressa naturaeA natural right is truly a divine right, because it is an ordinance divinely impressed upon nature
1092iustificatio ipsajustification itself; justification proper: a term used to differentiate the act of justification from Christ. Not used in Lutheran theology
1093iustificatio non admittit gradus, non fit successive, non recipit magis et minusjustification does not exist in degrees, neither does it come gradually, nor does it increase or decrease
1094iustificatio per verbum evangeliijustification comes through the word of the Gospel
1095iustificatio primafirst justification: not the act of justification itself but that state of mind or actions prior to it: Roman Catholic theology
1096iustificatio secundasecond justification: the act of justification itself, in Roman Catholic theology
1097iustificatio sola fidejustification by faith alone
1098iustificatus fide sine operibus(the man who has been) justified by faith without works
1099iustitiarightenusneas; justice
1100iustitia (fidei) imputataimputed righteousness (by faith)
1101iustitia carnalis, operum, carniscarnal righteousness, works, flesh
1102iustitia civiliscivil righteousness
1103iustitia Deithe justice of God
1104iustitia Dei legalisGod’s righteousness acquired through Law
1105iustitia evangelicaevangelical righteousness: the divine righteousness revealed in the Gospel
1106iustitia extra nos positaimposed righteousness (takes place) apart from us
1107iustitia fideithe righteousness received through faith
1108iustitia fidei imputatathe righteousness of imputed faith
1109Iustitia fidei sive imputata perfecta sive consummata est, iustitia vitae sive inhaerens imperfecta, inchoata, non consummata.justification given through faith or imputation is perfect or complete; the justification of life (sanctification) or inherent, present in a person is imperfect, incomplete, not finished
1110iustitia habitualishabitual righteousness: righteousness as an attitude evident in Christians
1111iustitia imputataimputed righteousness
1112iustitia infusainfused righteousness
1113iustitia infusa sive inhaerensinfused righteousness or inherent
1114iustitia inhabitansinhabiting righteousness
1115iustitia inhaerensinherent righteousness
1116iustitia inhaerens vel vitaeinherent righteousness or life (as the quality in man)
1117iustitia legalislegal righteousness: the divine righteousness revealed in the Law
1118iustitia legislatoriathe righteousness of the law
1119iustitia naturalis et civilisnatural and civil righteousness
1120iustitia normativathe required righteousness of the law (normal righteousness)
1121iustitia operumwork righteousness
1122iustitia originalisoriginal righteousness
1123iustitia originalis concretaoriginal concrete righteousness: the doctrine that the divine image pelonged to man from the first moment of his creation and thus it essentially belonged to his nature
1124iustitia punitivethe punishing righteousness (of the law)
1125iustitia rationisthe righteousness of (performed by) reason
1126iustitia spiritualisthe spiritual righteousness (which God works for salvation)
1127iustitia vindicativavindicatory righteousness (the threatening righteousness of the law)
1128iustitia vitaerighteousness of life: the righteousness evident in the life of a Christian
1129iustitia vitalislively righteousness: the justified or righteous life of the Christian
1130iustitiam DeiGod’s righteousness
1131iustum efficereto make righteous
1132Iustus fide vivet, enim (sed) fide crucifixithe just shall live by faith, namely (but) by faith in the crucified
1133iuxta decretum voluntatis suaeaccording to the decree of His will (like the decree of his will)
1134iuxta ordinem analyticumaccording to analytical order
1135kenosis (Gr.)emptying; used in connection with incarnation and humiliation
1136kiononia (Gr.)fellowship or communion
1137lacuna, lacunaegap(s); unresolved problems
1138lapisstone (the unconverted human nature)
1139lapsus memoriaea lapse of memory; momentary forgetfulness
1141latriaworship (bark)
1142legi subiectussubjected to the law (a necessity for man, but a voluntary action for Christ)
1143legislativelegislatively; setting a standard
1144leviculumtriviality; vanity
1145levis slight, unimportant
1146Lex est Deus accusans et damnans; evangelium est Deus absolvens et iustificans.The law is God accusing and damning; the Gospel is God forgiving and justifying.
1147lex iram oneraturthe Law works anger (the law is oppressed anger)
1148lex naturaethe natural law
1149Lex necat peccatorem, non peccatum; evangelium necat peccatum, non peccatorem.The law kills the sinners, but not the sin; the Gospel kills sin but not the sinner.
1150lex obligat vel ad obedientiam vel ad poenamThe law obliges either to obedience or punishment.
1151lex paradisiacathe Law of paradise
1152lex praescribit, evangelium inscribitthe law gives directions, the Gospel gives or imputes
1153lex proprie acceptaproper treatment of the law
1154liberefreely; of one’s own free will
1155libertasliberty, freedom: indicates free choice
1156libertas a coactionefreedom from coercion
1157liberum arbitriumfree will
1158licentia docendipermission to teach
1159limbus patrumfathers’ limbo: peace reserved for Old Testament believers before Christ’s coming
1161localis et visiblis praesentiaa local and visible presence: a presence that is confined to one place and can be seen
1162localis inclusiolocal inclusion: the Reformed view of the Lutheran position on the Lord’s Supper
1163localis inclusio, impanatio, consubstantiatioincluded location, embodied in bread, Consubstantiation: a ref. to the presence of Christ in the Lord’s Supper as a confining one, approaching the thought of an imprisonment; rejected in Lutheran theology
1164localis inclusio, impanatio, consubstantiationothing local inclusion, embodied in bread, consubstantiation
1165localis subsistendi modusa local manner of subsisting
1166localiterlocally; confined to one given space at one time
1167loci communesthe common places: a systematic presentation of Christian doctrines
1168loco hominumin the place of men: a ref. to Christ as the substitute for man under God’s wrath
1169locum, tempus, opus aliquod sibi praesumit, vel sperat vel optat salutem, quo tandem perveniat ad salutemhe awaits (or hopes or desires) at certain place, time and work for salvation, when finally he would come to salvation. (a phrase of Luther applying to a person with synergistic tendencies)
1170locusa section in dogmatics; a scriptural passage teaching a certain truth
1171locus ambiguus et obscurusa doubtful and dark Bible passage
1172locus classicusclassical source: a passage considered to be the best known or most authoritative on a particular subject.
1173locus de Baptismoon Baptism
1174locus de peccatothe section concerning sin
1175locutio exhibitivaexhibitive speech: the usual or obvious meaning of speech
1176logos (Gr.)the Word; Christ before the incarnation (Jn. 1:1 ff.)
1177longanimitaslong suffering; patience
1179lucereto shine
1180lumen gloriaethe light of glory; eternal life
1181lumina triplex: lumen natures, gratiae, gloriaethreefold lights: the light of nature, that of grace and that of glory; a ref. to the three spheres in which God gives knowledge
1182lumine gratiaelight of grace
1183lux mundilight of the world
1184luxurialuxury; riotous living; one of the so-called mortal sins
1185magis propendemuswe incline to a certain opinion
1186magisteriumoffice of teacher
1187magnam habetis remunerationemyou will have great reward
1188maiestatica sessio ad dextram(Christ’s) majestic sitting at right (hand of the Father)
1189maiestaticumthe attributes of Christ’s divine nature are ascribed and communicated to the human nature
1190maiori ex partefor the greater part; for the most part
1191mali et hypocritaethe wicked and the hypocrites
1192malum poenaeevil as punishment
1193mandata specialiaspecial commandments
1195mandatum cum liberaa command with freedom
1196mandatum Deicommand of God
1197mandatum scribendiwritten command (the command to be written)
1198manducatio indignorumeating of the unworthy: the doctrine that unbelievers eat and drink the body and blood of Christ
1199manducatio oralisoral eating: the Lutheran doctrine that Christ’s body and blood are received by the mouth
1200manifestatiomanifestation; revelation
1201manuductio ad nudam Scripturamgetting down to the bare Scriptures
1202manushands: the Holy Writers
1203massamace, substance
1204massa sanctaholy mass: the group of holy people in Israel: the redeemed in distinction to the unredeemed
1205mataeologiavain theology
1206materian. material
1207materia coelestisheavenly material: sometimes used in Lutheran theology to refer to God, Spirit, word, etc.
1208materia ex qua, a nihil positivummaterial out of which, from positive nothing
1209materia interna (coenae Domini) est Christus cum tota satiafactione et merito suoThe internal material (of the Lord’s Supper) is Christ with His own total work of satisfaction and merit.
1210materia sacrae coenae duplex est terrena et coelestiathe material of the Lord’s Supper is two-fold, earthly and heavenly (Baier-Walther)
1211materia terrena earthly material: Lord’s Supper
1212materialeadj. material
1213materiale Baptismithe material of Baptism: water
1214materiale peccatisinful material
1216materialiter et subiective sumtamaterially and taken subjectively
1217materiam excludensexcluding matter: ref. to nothing
1218media communicationis remissionis peccatorum sive iustificationia ex parte Deimeans of communication of remission of sins or justification from part of God (a ref. to those means by which God imparts the remission of sins or justification)
1219media dativa ex parte Deimeans of given from part of God (a ref. to the means of grace as having been provided by God)
1220media gratiaethe means of grace
1221media gratiae instrumenta iustificationis suntthe means of grace are the instruments of justification
1222media gratiae sunt media oblativa sive dativa ex parte Deimeans of grace are means of oblative (offers) or given from part of God (through the means of grace, God offers or gives grace)
1223media iustificationisthe means of justification
1224media quibus conversio a Deo efficiturthe means through which conversion is effected by God
1225media remissionis peccatorum sive iustificationisthe means of grace as means of the forgiveness of sins or justification
1226media δοτικάgiving means: the means of grace (the conferring means)
1227mediante animaby means of the soul (though the soul)
1228mediatoris partes implereto perform the functions of a mediator
1229medium cognoscendirecognized means (faith, appropriating divine knowledge)
1230medium congruentiaeharmonizing medium
1231medium et instrumentummeans and instrument
1232medium iustificationis sive remissionis peccatoruma means of justification or the forgiveness of sins
1233medium reconciliationismeans of reconciliation (the means by which the reconciliation between God and man is accomplished)
1234medium remissiones peccatorum et regenerationisa means of the forgiveness of sins and regeneration
1235medium ληπτικόνthe means of appropriation; faith
1236membra ecclesiae militantismembers of the militant church, i.e., the church on earth
1237membra ecclesiae triumphantismembers of the church triumphant, i.e., glorified saints
1239mens humanahuman spirit or mind
1240mensae assidenssitting at the table; during the meal
1241mensuram corporis the circumference of a body, indicating its limitations to a certain space
1242mente fuerint alienatithey would be alienate mind: they were in a different mind; they were in a trance; they did not have their senses
1243mera potentiaby (His) mere power
1244mera verba, praeterea nihilmere words, thereafter to nothing
1245mere passivepurely passive
1246meritummerit, something which is earned
1247meritum Christithe merit of Christ
1248meritum condignimerit of worthy (a reward earned by a work prompted by the Holy Spirit; Roman Catholic Theology)
1249meritum congruimerit of agreeing (a reward earned by the free will: Roman Catholic theology)
1250meritum de congruo and de condignomerit of congruity and the merit of equivalence
1251meritum hominismerit of man
1252merumwine (unmixed with water)
1253metaphora, metaphoraemetaphor(s), figure of speech
1255militarem quendam delectuma kind of military selection
1256minister ecclesiaeminister of the church
1257minister, minitri pastor; pastors, of pastor
1258ministeriumoffice of minister
1259ministerium illius professionis, quam Petrus feceratthe service or ministry of the confession which Peter made (Matthew 16:18)
1260ministrantes inter Christianosthe serving (ones) among Christians
1261ministri Dei et ecclesiaeministers of God and of the church
1262mirabilia seu mirewonderful or amazing (things)
1263mirabilia stupora fantastic stupidity (a ref. to the inability to see the obvious)
1264miraculum, miracula miracle(s)
1265misericordes theologithe merciful theologians: a ref. by Quenstedt to those who deny eternal perdition
1266misericordiamercy, pity
1269mixture compositummixing mixture: an assortment of ideas blended into one opinion: hodgepodge thinking
1270mixtus quidam ex utroque potusa mixed drink made from two drinks (a mixed drink)
1271modestiores (et) crassiores Pontificiimore moderate and the crasser pontifical: a ref. by Quenstedt to Roman Catholic theologians, dividing them into the more moderate and the crasser types
1272modo singulariin a unique manner
1273modo vicarioby means of substitution (vicar)
1274modum sumptionismode of consumption
1275modus applicationismode of application
1276modus consequendae salutismode of following salvation: the manner in which salvation follows
1277modus Deum colendi atque Deo serviendithe mode in which God is worshipped and served (definition of religion)
1278modus dicendithe mode of spoken
1279modus docendithe mode of instruction, teaching or academic presentation
1280modus incarnationisthe mode of the incarnation
1281modus omnipraesentlaethe mode of omnipresence
1282modus procedendithe mode of procedure
1283modus reconciliationisthe mode of reconciliation (between God and man)
1284modus salutis consequendaemode of salvation of following
1285modus subsistendithe mode of subsisting
1286modus sumptionisthe mode of reception
1287molesa heap (that which fills a given place); large mass
1288moles coeli et terraethe “heap” of heaven and earth: ref. to primeval condition of the creation
1289monstrosum figmentuma monstrous figment (fiction, invention, a fantastic production of the imagination)
1291monstrum incertitudinisa monstrosity of uncertainty
1292monstrum incertitudinis gratiaea monstrosity of uncertainty of grace
1294more majoris sive auctoritate iudicialiwith/by greater morals or legal authority (over Scripture)
1295more minorisless inferior
1296mors aeternaeternal death; damnation
1297mors corporalis, sive temporalisdeath of the body; or temporal death
1298mors temporalistemporal death; death of the body
1299mortis dulcia nominathe sweet names of death
1300motu locali libere assumptoassumption (or ascension of Christ) with freely local movement
1301motusactions; motions; emotions
1302motus interniinner motions; the psychological processes within a man
1303motus interni quibus conversio absolviturthe inner motion through which conversion is accomplished (freed)
1304motus localislocal movement
1305motus praeparatoriipreparatory steps (prior to the main action itself)
1306Mulier ut est creatura Dei, cum reverentia spectanda est; ad hoc enim est creata, ut circa virum sit, ut filios nutriat et educet honeste et pieThe woman is God’s creature, and reverence will be observed; towards this she was created, she would be at the side of men, to nourish children and to educate them piously and honestly.
1307Multae in ecclesia haereses ortae sunt tantum odio doctorum“Many heresies in church are so raised with hatred of the teachers. “
1308multivolimany desires / will
1309multivoli praesentia“multivoli-presence (1. God can be wherever he wills 2. Christ is God 3. Therefore, the human nature of Christ can be wherever Christ wills.)”
1311mysteria fideithe mystery of faith (for Lutheran theology, the how of faith: for Roman Cath. theology the what of faith)
1312mysticos dies cognitionis in angelis mystical days of knowledge among the angels (an opinion of St. Augustine in ref. to creation)
1313nascibilitas, sive generatio passive taliscapacity to be born, or passive begetting so great (the distinguishing attributes of the Son whereby He is begotten and thereby possesses generation)
1314natura corruptacorrupted nature
1315natura integraunimpaired nature
1316natura sauciatadamaged nature
1317natura seu substantia seu essentianature or substance or essence
1318natura sua, ut sic, meritoriaby their own nature, and so, also earned
1319naturaliternaturally; inborn
1320Natus ex Maria virgineson / birth / born of the Virgin Mary
1321nebulas in lucem veherein light to convey mist (to confuse what is otherwise clear)
1322nebulonesunbelievers (rascal, worthless person)
1323nec vola nec vestigiumneither foot nor foot print (without a trace)
1325necesse estit is necessary
1326necessitasnecessarity (that which forms part of the essence of a thing or act)
1327necessitas absolutaan absolute necessity
1328necessitas coactionisnecessity of coercion: the need to use force or compulsion
1329necessitas doctrinae divinae in ecclesia tradendae et audiendaenecessity of the divine doctrine in church must be handed-over and heard
1330necessitas fidei in hac vita ad salutem in futura vita consequendamthe necessity of faith in this life towards salvation in future following life (faith in this life is the necessary prerequisite for salvation to follow in the future life)
1331necessitas immutabilitatisunchangeable necessity (of having things done in a certain way)
1332necessitas voluntatis et praecepti sive mandati divinithe necessity of will and precept or commandment of divine (God’s will and precept or commandment are essential)
1333nemo sanuswhole nobody: no same person; no person in his right mind
1334Neque alia doctrina in ecclesia tradi et audiri debet quam purum Verbum Dei, hoc est, Sancta Scriptura, vel doctores et auditores cure sua doctrina anathema sunto.Neither any doctrines in church ought to be handed over and heard than pure Word of God, which is, Holy Scripture, either teachers or students will be anathematized with their doctrine.
1335Neque caro extra λόγον neque λόγος extra carnem.neither does the flesh exist outside the word or the word outside the flesh
1336neque praesentia operum ad iustificationem requiriturneither presence of works towards justification it is required: the presence of good works is not required for justification
1337neque unquam legimus in Scripturis sacrisneither at any time we read in Holy Scripture: we never read anywhere in the Holy Scriptures
1338neque λόγος extra carnem, neque caro extra λόγονjust as the Word does not exist apart from the flesh, so also the flash does not exist apart from the Word; a ref. to the indissoluble union brought through the incarnation
1339nequiter veritatem illudereto mock truth badly
1340nescioI do not know; (adj.) ignorant
1341nexus indivulsusan indissoluble union; an inseparable connection
1342nihil conferthe bings nothing together: the act of contributing nothing
1343Nihil habet rationem sacramenti extra usum a Christo institutumThere is no doctrine of the sacrament apart from the use instituted by Christ. (The doctrine of the Lord’s Supper applies only to the elements when they are being properly used.)
1344nihil negativum, materiam excludensnothing negative, excludes material
1345nihil positivumnothing positive (nothing possessing a positive existence)
1346nihilo melior est quam AdamIt is with no better than Adam.
1347nolentes gratiamrefusing grace (those persons not desiring grace)
1348nollenot to want; unwillingness
1349nomen Dei essentiale et/sive incommunicabileessential or incommunicable name of God: the real or incommunicable name of God
1350nomen officiiofficial title; name of a position
1351nomen officii concretumconcrete name of office
1353non ad vindicandam culpam iniuriamque Deo illatam compensandam inferunturfatherly chastisements are not inflicted to compensate for vengeance and the guilt of injury done to God (not toward vindication of unjust sin and it is brought compensation having-been-brought with God)
1354non admittit gradusposition doesn’t admit (a ref. to justification as not permitting degrees or levels)
1355non agendonot done
1356non confundendo naturas nec dividendo personamneither disordered nature nor divided person
1357non efficitit does not produce
1358non est reale aliquod discrimenis not any real distinction
1359non ex quadam Dei indigentia, sed ex voluntate Dei liberanot from any necessity in God, but from God’s free will
1360non factus est invisibilisHe was not made invisible. (Calvin’s interpretation of Luke 24:31)
1361non liquetit is not evident: the matter is confused or not clear
1362non posse exire [vim gratiae] in actum sine co-operatione liberae voluntatis humanae ac proinde ut effectum habeat pendere a libera voluntatenot able to work (force of grace) in action without co-operation of free will of human and hence to effect it has to depend on free will. (the means of grace a “partial power” (vis partialis) which cannot be effective without the cooperation of the free will of man.)
1363non posse peccareunable to sin: a quality in God or Christ
1364non potest non peccarenot able to not sin; man must by nature sin
1365non potuit (posse) peccare(Christ) not able to sin
1366non retego culpamI do not reveal sin.
1367non sequiturit does not follow. (used in argumentation that a certain conclusion does not follow from the prior given information)
1368non sequitur, si nolle sit in potestate et libero arbitrio, etiam velle esse in eiusdem facultatenot follow, if it is not will can and free will, namely that it will be in the same with ability. (the following argument does not follow logically: if unwillingness (the power to reject) lies within the power of man and his free will, than he may choose with the same will)
1369Non sunt in Deo causae formaliter God the causes are not really the effects (Ref. to God as he is in Himself)
1370non sunt pars ecclesiaethey are not parts of the church
1371non uno modonot in one way only
1372non usurpavitHe doesn’t use: ref. to Christ’s partial non-use of certain attributes during the period of humiliation
1373non vellenot to desire; unwillingness
1374non-ensno such thing
1375norma causativacausative norm: the Bible supervising all other statements: Lutheran theology,
1376norma decisionisdeciding norm; the absolute standard in making a decision
1377norma discretionis discernit orthodoxos ab heterodoxisthe distinguishing norm, the Confessions, divides the orthodox from the heterodox.
1378norma doctrinaestandard of doctrine
1379norma iudiciithe norm of the judgment
1380norma normansthe norm of norms: the ultimate (first) authority — the Bible
1381norma normatathe ruled rule; the secondary authority based on an first authority (norma normans) (In Lutheran theology the norma normata are the Confessions and the norma norms is the Bible.)
1382norma primariafirst standard
1383norma remissivaallusive norm: A norma remissiva is no norm at all, but the authority to which one is referred.
1384norma sancrum verborumthe norm of sound words: a ref. to the Bible as the guide of preaching
1385norma secundariasecond standard
1386nosse cum affectu et effectuto know with affection and effect
1387nota benemark well, give careful attention
1388notae ecclesiaemarks of the church
1389notariiclerks; the Holy Writers
1390notionaliterconceptually: to know something abstractly or with the mind; not to know from experience
1391notiones personalesdistingoishing marks of one of the divine Persons in the Godhead
1393notitia Dei acquisitaacquired knowledge of God
1394notitia Dei naturalisthe natural knowledge of God
1395notitia historicahistorical knowledge: the description of belief which accepts the historical facts of Redemption but does not understand their saving significance
1396novuminnovation, a new element in the discussion
1397nudabarren; mere; indicating a totally unembellished existence
1398nuda adessentiamere presence
1399nuda maiestasbare majesty; the totally revealed glory of God
1400nuda Scripturathe Scriptures alone without the benefit of auxiliary interpretation
1401nuda velleitasmere wish
1402nudam scientiam denotansdesignating bare knowledge
1404nudum et merum hominema naked and mere man
1405nudum titulum dominiimere title of domination (titular sovereignty; rule in name only)
1406nudus et merus homoa naked and mere man
1407nuga, nugaetrifles; nonsense
1408nuganturthey are joking
1409obedientiaobedience (to ecclesiastical superiors)
1410obedientia (Christi) activathe active obedience (of Christ) (Christ fulfilling the Law for us, from His incarnation to His death.)
1411obedientia passsivathe passive obedience (of Christ) (Christ’s bearing the universal penalty of sin, esp. His passion and death.)
1412obex, obicisobstacle, hindrance
1414obicem non ponere(faith understood as mere passive acceptance in that it) places no obstacles (in the way of grace)
1415obicem non ponere recipere sive admittere operationes Spiritus SanctiWorks of Holy Spirit does not put obstacle to accept or admit
1417obiectionum διάλυσιςobjection of dissolution
1418obiectumthe object of an action; its recipient
1419obiectum electionisthe object of the election; its ultimate purpose
1420obiectum exinanitionisobject of emptiness (the object of the action in the humiliation: eg. plenary and universal use of certain attributes)
1421obiectum impervestigabilean impenetrable object
1422obligatit obliges
1423observatio, μετὰ παρατηρήσεωςobservation, with careful observation
1424obsessio corporaliscorporal obsession: demoniacal possession
1425obsessio spiritualisspiritual obsession (the state of being spiritually hardened and in league with Satan)
1426obstricti et religatiobliged and tied
1427occultatioconcealment; veiling
1428odium aliquodsome hatred (at least a minimal amount of hatred of sin prior to the act of justification itself; Roman Catholic theology)
1429officium Christi regiumthe royal or kingly office of Christ
1431omne hominum genusevery class of men
1432omne peccatum in Deum committiturevery sin is an offense against God (all sin is committed against God)
1433Omnes Christiani de evangelio consentiunt.all men of Christian agree on the Gospel
1434Omnibus una salus sanctis, sed gloria dispar.One salvation of all holy, but unequal glory. (all the saints share the same salvation, but there are differences in glory.)
1435omnipraesentia DeiGod’s omnipresence
1436omnipraesentia extimaforeign / outward omnipresence (Christ’s omnipresence in the state of exaltation)
1437omnipraesentia generalisgeneral omnipresence (that attribute of God whereby He is present everywhere; the term is used in contradistinction to other modes of presence)
1438omnipraesentia intimainmost omnipresence (Christ’s omnipresence in the state of humiliation)
1439omnipraesentia intima sive partialisthe intimate or partial omnipresence
1441omnium fundamentalissimumevery most fundamental
1443opera (divina Trinitatis) ad extrathose works (of triune God) directed toward the created world
1444opera (divina; Trinitatis) ad intrathose works (by which the Persons of the Trinity) are interrelated (works towards inside)
1445Opera ad extra indivisa sunt, sic cultus Trinitatis indivisa estThe works of Trinity toward the created world are undivided, so the worship of the Trinity is undivided
1446opera ad extra sunt indivisaWorks are toward outside and undivided (works directed out from the essence of Godhead itself: eg. creation, redemption, sanctification)
1447opera ad intra divisa sunt.Works towards inside are divided. (the works of the individual Persons of the Trinity as they relate themselves to each other are distinct and individual)
1448opera divina ad extra sunt indivisaThe divine works toward outside (the created world) are undivided.
1449opera supererogationisworks of surplus
1450opera tribus personis communiaworks attributable to all three persons (in the Godhead)
1451operarito work
1452operatio extra carnemactivity outside of the flesh
1453operatio, operationesactivity, activies
1454opinio legisopinion of law (the concept that man can save himself by the law)
1455opinio, opinionesopinion(s)
1456oportet Christum coelo capi(It is necessary that Christ is seized by heaven. (Christ must be held captive by heaven: Acts 3: 21-capi dexesthai (Gr.))
1457oportet Christum coelum accipereIt is necessary that heaven accepts Christ. (Christ must occupy heaven: Acts 3:21accipere dexesthai (Gr))
1458oppositaopposed (works—faith)
1459opposito adequatadirect opposition
1460opus (opera) supererogationisa work of Supererogation (a work in the Roman Catholic church which is above and beyond the basic requirements for salvation) (Supererogation: The distinction between praecepta and consilia evangelica, or between the positive duties enjoined by the law and the moral requirements of the Gospel.)
1461opus ad extrawork toward extra (a work which God performs towards the created world)
1462opus externuman eternal work (a work, not special, but merely one among many others)
1463opus magnumgreat work
1464opus operatumworked work
1465opus promissionisa work of the promise
1466opus theandricumwork performed by the God-Man
1467opus, operaworks(s)
1468oralis manducatioeating with the mouth
1470oratio pro domoa prayer at home
1471oratio, meditatio, tentatioprayer, meditation (on God’s word), and affliction
1472oratio, meditatio, tentatio faciunt theologumprayer, meditation (on God’s word), and affliction make the theologian
1473ordinatioplan, order
1474ordine causarum et effectum, antecedentium et consequentiumwith order of causes and effects, antecedents and consequences: arranged according to causes and effects, (antecedents and consequences)
1475ordoplan; scheme
1476ordo antecedentium et consequentiumthe order of causes and results (antecedents and consequences)
1477ordo in modo operationithe order in manner operation (ref. to the working of the Three Persons in the Godhead)
1478ordo in modo subsistendithe order in manner of subsistence: ref. to the existence of the Three Persons in the Godhead
1479ordo naturalis enumerationisthe usual order of enumeration
1480ordo salutisthe order of salvation, i.e., a description of those steps by which a person becomes a Christian
1481ore sumamuswe take with the mouth; ref. to Lord’s Supper
1482organicusinstrumental, organic
1483organummeans, instrument, organ
1484organum sanctificatum, perfecte omnia habens(the human nature of Christ as a) sanctified organ, perfectly possessing all things
1486otiosa complacentianeutral complacency (idle pleasing)
1487otiosa qualitasidle nature
1488otiosam in coelis sedere ac sua tantum gloria perfrui, eamque beatis spiritibus ostentare(Christ sitting) idly in heaven and enjoying His great glory, (and that blessed spirits to show) which He offers to His blessed spirits
1489otiosusa state of idleness
1490otiosus habitusan idle attitude
1491paedagogia externaexternal pedagogy; bodily discipline
1492palmarium argumentummasterpiece argument (the one which is like a masterpiece)
1493Panis est symbolum sive signum corporis Christi.the bread is the symbol or the sign of the body of Christ
1494papam esse ipsum verum antichristumthe pope is certainly the Antichrist himself
1495paradosis (Gr.)tradition; heritage
1496paradosis terrestrisearthly tradition
1497partes poenitentiaeparts of penance ( in Lutheran theology, sorrow and faith; in Roman Cath. theology, sorrow, oral confession, and works of satisfaction)
1498particeps criminis [in nuce]participant of crime: criminal accomplice (in nut / center)
1499participes criminis CalvinisticiCalvinist participants of crimes (those who metaphorically interpret the Lord’s Supper)
1500particulae diacriticaedistinguishing particles (Christology)
1501particulae distinctivaedistinctive particles: unique predicates (Christoiogy)
1502particulae distinctivae, diacriticae, discretivae (non) separative(Predicates of Christ’s person are in regard to the natures) distinct, distinguishable, divisible, but not separable
1503particulae exclusivaeexclusive particles: a individual or separate points
1505particulariter et probabiliterparticularly and probably
1506passio magnagreat suffering
1507passio, passionespassion(s)
1508passiva contritiopassive contrition (sorrow over sins initiated by God)
1509Pastor aeternusThe Everlasting Shepherd (a decree of Vatican Council I (1370) establishing the infallibility of the Roman Pontiff)
1510pater familiesthe father of family
1511patientia Deipatience of God
1512patris gratiosa voluntasthe gracious will of the Father
1513paupertaspoverty (renunciation of one’s right to have private property: see consilia evangelica)
1514peccata actualiaactual sins
1515peccata clamantiascreaming sins (requiring immediate vengeance)
1516peccata commissionissins of commission
1517peccata contra conscientiam (a) veram (b) erroneam (c)probabilem (d) dubiam sins committed against conscience (a) true (b) erroneous (c)probable (d) doubtful
1518peccata cordissins of the heart or mind
1519peccata enormiaunusually severe sins
1520peccata ignorantiaesins of ignorance
1521peccata infirmitatissins of weakness
1522peccata involuntariainvoluntary sins; sins unintentionally committed
1523peccata irremissibiliaunforgivable sins
1524peccata malitiaesins of malice
1525peccata mortaliamortal sins: sins worthy of eternal damnation
1526peccata mortalia et venaliamortal sins and venial sins
1527peccata non clamantianon-screaming sins (not requiring immediate vengeance)
1528peccata omissionissins of omission
1529peccata operissinful deeds
1530peccata orissins of speech / mouth
1531peccata praecipitantiaesins rashly committed; sins done in the heat of the moment
1532peccata proaereticapremeditated sins
1533peccata remissibiliaforgivable sins
1534peccata venaliaforgivable sins
1535peccata voluntariavoluntary sins
1536peccati manifestatio et redargutiothe manifestation and refutation of sin
1538peccatum actuale omissionisan actual sin of omission
1539peccatum actuale, peccata actualiaactual sin(s)
1540peccatum clamantissimumthe most grave sin
1541peccatum habituale acquisitumacquired habitual sin
1542peccatum imputatumimputed sin
1543peccatum in Spiritum Sanctumthe sin against the Holy Spirit
1544peccatum originaleoriginal sin
1545peccatum originis originansoriginating original sin (the sin of the founder of the race as it is in itself)
1546peccatum originis originatumoriginated original sin (the sin of the founder of the race is inherited)
1547peccatum(a) commissionissin(s) of commission (that which involves an act)
1548peccatum(a) omissionissin(s) of omission
1549per accidensby accident
1550per aestum disputationisbecause of the heat of the argument
1551per carnemthrough flesh
1552per communicationemthrough communication (that which is received and hence not originally belonging to the essence or nature)
1553per contraon the contrary
1554per dependentiamthrough dependence (possessing a quality in a secondary or derivatively way)
1555per externam praedicationemthrough the outward preaching (of the word)
1556per gratuitam Dei acceptationemthrough the free acceptance of God (Christ’s atonement whose value is not intrinsic but is dependent on God’s gracious acceptance of it)
1557per liberam Dei acceptationemthrough the free acceptance of God (Christ’s atonement whose value is not intrinsic but is dependent on being accepted freely by God)
1558per liberam οἰκονομίανthrough a freely undertaken plan (steward, manager)
1559per modum commissionisby way of commission (the public servants of the church)
1560per modum efficaciaeby mode of efficacy (because of its efficacy)
1561per modum loquendias a way of speaking
1562per mutuum consentumthrough mutual consent
1563per sein itself
1564per species intelligibilesby means of comprehensible characteristics
1565per synthesinby synthesis
1566per vocabula abstractsthrough or by means of abstract words
1567peregrinae appellationesforeign appeal: designations foreign to the object being named
1569perfectio implicita Scripturae Sacraethe perplexing perfection of Holy Scriptures (Roman Catholic theology)
1570perichoresisPerichoresis (from Greek: περιχώρησις perikhōrēsis, “rotation”) is a term referring to the relationship of the three persons of the triune God (Father, Son, and Holy Spirit) to one another.
1571periculosa tentatio praedestinationisdangerous temptation of predestination
1572periculosissima praedestinationis tentatiothe most dangerous temptation of predestination
1574permixtioa mixture
1575permutatioalteration; alloesis; substitution
1576Persentiscobegin to perceive distinctly or feel deeply
1577personaperson (in Trinity); an “I”; a self-subsisting subject
1578persona compositaa composite or unified person (Christ)
1581personaliter coniunctumthe personal union
1582perspicitHe sees through (to look through things at what they really are; a quality of God)
1583perspicuitasperspicuity, the quality of being intelligible
1584perspicuitas, sive claritasperspicuity, or brightness / glory
1585persuasio(nes)persuasion; conviction
1586pertinaciterobstinately, pertinaciously, stubbornly
1587pestilentissima pestisthe most pestilential pest: Luther’s ref. to a most annoying opinion
1588petitio principiibegging the question (a fallacy in which a conclusion is taken for granted in the premises)
1589petra (Gr)rock
1590phantasmaphantom; ghost
1591philanthropialove of mankind
1592phrasisphrase, manner of expression
1594pius, piusibeliever(s)
1595plaustruma wagon; a means of conveyance: a ref. to one of the means of grace
1596plena possessiofull possession: a ref. to Christ’s possession of divine majesty in the state of humiliation
1597plena usurpatio maiestatis divinaefull use of the divine majesty
1598plenarius ususfull use
1599pluribus simul locis distrahit(a ref. of Calvin to the Lutheran doctrine of the ubiquity of Christ as being) “It tears apart in many places at the same time.”
1600plus quam contradictoriamore than contradictory: ref. to Law and Gospel
1601plus quam toto generemore than in (the) entire kind
1603poena damnia punishment of the damned (Roman Catholic theology, a negative punishment, i.e., deprived of heaven)
1604poena sensusa punishment of the senses (Roman Catholic theology, positive punishment, deprived of heaven and also experiencing hell)
1605poenitentiarepentance; conversion
1606poenitentia continuatecontinuous punishment
1607poenitentia lapsorumrepentance of the fallen; a return to faith
1608poenitentia quotidianadaily repentance or contrition
1609poenitentia stantiuma continual repentance
1610politicus, politiciofficial(s)
1612portentum, portentaomen, portent
1613Positiones inter fratres sparsaePositions among scattered brothers
1614posse peccare aut non peccareable to sin or not to sin
1615post remissionem peccatorum acceptamafter the accepted forgiveness of sins
1616posteriusafter, later, by and by
1618potentia absolutaabsolute power: power exercised without means
1619potentia credendithe ability to believe
1620potentia DeiGod’s power
1621potentia immediataabsolute power: power directly exercised
1622potentia ordinataordered power: power exercised through means
1623potentiam agendipower of action
1624potest oblatam gratiam accipereHe is able to accept offered grace. (man’s ability to accept the grace offered him)
1625potestas claviumthe power of the keys
1626potestas legislatorialegislative power, person of the judge
1627potestas longe inferiorfar inferior power
1628potestate ac significatione plurawith power and more meaning (a word having more than one meaning in regard to content and significance)
1629potuit (posse) non peccarehe can not sin
1630praeaentia illocalis sive definitiveil-local or definitive presence (the presence of God which is not bound by place or other restriction)
1631praedestinatio ad salutempredestination to salvation
1632praedicantthey preach
1633praedicatio evangeliithe preaching of the Gospel
1634praedicatio identicaan identical expression (with the same meaning)
1635praedicatio verbalisverbal prediction; a figure of speech
1636praedicatio verbalis et realisthe verbal and real preaching
1637praedicatione dialectica absque (sine) ulla reali communicationea figure of speech without any actual communication of attributes (with/by logics of preaching without any real communication) (by a mere thought process without any real communication) (Reformed Christology. A ref. to the human nature which does not actually receive anything from the divine. A statement of Danaeus.)
1638praedicatione dialectica ulla absque reali communicationea dialectal or intellectual predication or attributing without any actual communication
1639praedicatlonesproperties, preaching
1640praedicoto make publicly known, preach, declare
1641praeparatiopreparation: a technical term for that disposition necessary before the act of justification itself
1642praerogativas, praerogativaeprerogative(s)
1643praescientiaforeknowledge; knowledge of future events
1644praescientia Deithe foreknowledge of God
1645praesentia bonorum operum adiustiftcationem necessaria estthe presence of good works is necessary for justification: a phrase causing confusion and disruption in Lutheran theology
1646praesentia circumscriptivaa local presence; a presence whereby an object is confined to one given space
1647praesentia definitivadefinitive presence
1648praesentia divina et repletivathe divine and fulfilled presence
1649praesentia divina et supernaturalisthe divine and supernatural presence
1650praesentia extima sive totalisexternal or total presence (Christ’s complete presence or the highest possible form of His presence)
1651praesentia generalisthe general presence
1652praesentia illocalis sive definitivaillocal presence or difinitive
1653praesentia intimainmost presence (the closest type of presence between the two natures of Christ)
1654praesentia invisiblisthe invisible presence (ascribed to God and also to Christ, also in His human nature)
1655praesentia localisa local presence (whereby an object is confined to one given space)
1656praesentia repletivaomnipresence: that presence of Christ whereby He can fill all things
1657praesentia sacramentalissacramental presence: that particular mode or manner of presence whereby Christ is present in the Lord’s Supper
1658praesentia substantialissubstantial presence
1659praesentia supernaturalis et divinaa supernatural and divine presence
1660praesentia visibilis et localisthe visible and local mode of presence (manner of being present: which is limited to one place and must be seen)
1661praesentissimam praesentiam unitarum naturaruma most intimate presence of the unity of natures (the closest possible union between the natures: a ref. to hypoatatic union in Jesus Christ between the divine and human natures)
1662praesentissimam unionemthe most intimate union (between the two natures of Christ; the closest possible union)
1663praesentissimea very close presence
1664praesentissimum et (ac) potentissimum in omnes creaturas dominumclosest and most powerful in all creatures of the Lord (the rule of Christ over all creatures whereby He comes into the closest presence with them and exercises the highest degree of power over them)
1665praesumptiopresumption (something taken for granted for which there is not sufficient evidence)
1666praeter et supraabove and beyond
1667praeterea nihilnothing in addition (beyond this is nothing)
1668praeterition. neglect (grace which is ignored by those who are eventually damned)
1669praevideoforesee; look into the future (I foresee)
1670praeviderit(God) foresaw
1671praevisa fidesthe faith that God saw ahead of time
1672presbyteruselder, pastor
1673prima causa peccatifirst cause of sin (ref. to devil)
1674prima faciefirst appearance (evidence which at first glance establishes a certain fact in question)
1675prima initia fideithe first beginning of faith; faith in its earliest stage
1676primariusthe first one; the primate
1677primo locoin the first place
1678primus omniumfirst of all things
1679principaliathe most important or principle thing
1680principaliter et immediateprincipally and immediately (without intermediate means and directly: a ref. to the Christian’s relationship to Christ)
1681principitum cognescendibasis of knowledge
1682principiumsource, origin
1683principium cognoacendi, principia cognoacendi the source(s) of knowledge (the ultimate available authority)
1684principium passivum, non concurrit (as a second factor) cum Deo ad aliquid creandum.a passive non-cooperating source used by God to some creature.
1685principium quoinstrument with which (abl): an instrument in obtaining knowledge: the mind
1686principium quodinstrument which (acc): the source of knowledge itself — the Bible (Lutheran); mind (Rationalism); feeling (Schleiermacher).
1687priusprevious; before; earlier times
1688priusquambefore that time (acc)
1689privativumdeprive, free: a grammatical term referring to the letter alpha in Greek which negates or reverses the meaning of a word
1690proto be in favor of an argument
1691pro domobefore the house; carrying on a debate on one’s own terms (serving the interests of a given perspective or for the benefit of a given group.)
1692pro insita sua rebelli et contumaci naturabecause of the innate itself, rebellious and stubborn nature (the inability of the human nature to contribute anything to its conversion: F. C.)
1693Pro viriliwith power
1695probabiles rationesprobable reasons
1696probitas naturalisnatural uprightness (the natural worth of man)
1697processio sive spiratio passivaprocession or passive inspiration (breathing): the distinguishing attributes of the Holy Spirit He possesses
1698productioproduction; generation
1699proficereto make (progress; indicates development in Christian faith)
1700profiteor (profitentur)to openly confess (I/they profess)
1702progressus in infinitumadvanced in infinity: an eternal advance or process
1703prolongatio iraeextension of anger: prolonged anger
1704promiscuecommonly, indiscriminately, without making any distinctions
1705promissionas gratuitaegracious promises (of Gospel)
1706promissiones conditionalesconditional promises
1707promissioni inhaeret – illi confiditIt (faith) clings to promise — that faith relies on it.
1708propagabilitas a parentibus ad liberospropagation from parents to children: the capability of passing along a certain characteristic from the parents to the children
1709propheta omnibus excellentiora more excellent prophet to all
1710propheta κατʼ ἐξοχήνa unique prophet
1711propositionesstatements; natures; theses
1712propositiones idiomaticaeidiomatic propositions (concerning the person of Christ)
1713propositiones inusitataeunusual propositions: descriptions of the personal union of natures in Christ as being unique or without parallel
1714propositiones officium Christi describentesstatements describing the office of Christ
1715propositiones personalesdescription of the personal (union of natures in Christ)
1716propositiones verbalesverbal proposition: statements or descriptions of verbal value only, without any real worth or without pertaining to reality
1717propriaespecial, particular, own
1718proprias opinionesone’s own opinions
1719proprieadj. very own; adv. particularly, properly
1720proprietas, proprietatesattribute(s)
1722proprietates personalespersonal properties
1723propriumvery own
1724proprium Christi corpusthe actual body of Christ itself
1725proprium suum officiumhis very own office (Christ’s real work; the first purpose)
1726proprius, propria, propriumvery own, special
1727propter Christum crucifixumfor the sake of Christ crucified
1728propter evangeliumon account of / because of the Gospel
1729propter hanc hypostaticam unionemon account of this hypostatic or personal union
1730propter sacramentalem unionemon account of the sacramental union
1731propter sanguinem meumon account of My blood (Lord’s Supper)
1732propter satisfactionem a Christo praestitambecause of fulfilled sacrifice by Christ (for the sake of Christ’s completed sacrifice)
1733propter unionem personalemon account of the personal union
1734propter unionem sacramentalemon account of the sacramental union
1735proton-pseudos (πρῶτον ψεῦδος)a false proposition (which forms the basis for an entire system, which is also in turn permeated with the same error of thought)
1736prototokos (πρωτότοκος)first-born son (Colossians 1:15, Luke 2:7)
1737publica doctrinapublic doctrine; accepted and officially recognized teachings of the church
1739publice pronuntiareto proclaim publicly; preach
1740pueriles argutiaechildish sophistry
1741puncta vocalia(Hebrew) vocal points (not part of the original manuscripts but supplied later by the Masaorites)
1742punitivahaving the quality of punishing
1743pure passivepurely passive
1744pure passive se habetHe has it purely passively (man as being purely passive in conversion)
1745purgatoriumpurgatory ( in Roman Catholic theology a place of preparation for heaven for departed souls)
1746quaby which, as
1747qua de causeon account of; for the sake of
1748qua iustificathe justifies with which
1749quae quasi intra ipsam essentiam manentwhich as it were they remain within itself essence (those attributes which remain within the divine essence and do not function specifically to the creation)
1750quaerereto seek; to search for
1751quaerere significat credereHe signifies to seek to believe (seeking after Christ is believing in Him)
1753quaestio curiosacurious question
1754quaestiones otiosae et inutilesidle and useless questions
1756qualitas quae sit in animis sanctorum(grace) quality which is in the souls of the saints
1757quam minimumhow little
1759quasi ab extra et aliundeas if (it came) from the outside or from another place (Christ’s exaltation as if what He received in this state came not from within Himself but from another source. This is rejected in Lutheran theology)
1760quasi extra seas if it were outside of itself (those divine attributes which function outside of the divine nature)
1761quatenusin so far as, how far? (used as a conditional subscription to the Con’ fessions only insofar as they give correct exposition of the Bible (see quia))
1762quatenus habet se correlative ad Christumso far as (faith) relates to Christ
1763quatenus iustificatin so far as it justifies (forgiveness as an object of faith)
1764quem oportet quidem coeli capiantindeed it is necessary that the heavens receive whom (i.e., Christ)
1765qui de evangelio consentiuntthose who agree about Gospel
1766qui non simpliciter fundamentales seu causa salutis sunt, ad fundamentum tamen pertinent doctrines which do not directly belong to the foundation of faith and do not cause faith, but they are related to this foundation (the definition of a secondary fundamental doctrine)
1767quiabecause: used as a subscription to the confessions because they are a correct exposition of the Bible (see quateaus)
1768QuicunqueAthanasian Creed
1769quid pro quosomething for something else: indicates an exchange of objects of near equal value between two persons
1770quid sit fides iustificanwhat is justifying faith?
1771quid sit fides qua iustificatwhat is faith in so far as it justifies
1772Quid sit nasci, quid processus, me nescire sum professus.I confess that I do not know how is begotten, how is processed. (Who is to begotten, what is processed, I confess that I don’t know.)
1773quiescentiastate of inactivity (ἀνενέργητα)
1774quoad formalein regard to the formal quality (what a thing really is)
1775quoad materialein regard to the substantive quality or matter
1776quoad substantiamin regard to substance
1777quod bona opera penitus excludenda sint, non tantum cure de iustificatione fidei agitur, sed etiam cure de salute nostra aeterna disputaturthat good works are not so much to be excluded from justification by faith, as they are much more to be excluded from our eternal salvation
1778quod non est biblicum, non est theologicumwhat is not taken from the Bible is not a subject of theology
1779quod profuit, antequam fuit(a ref. to Christ’s merit) which benefitted before it existed
1780quod proprie subsistitthat which subsists of itself
1781quod sibut if
1782quod ubique, quod semper, quod ab omnibus creditum estwhat is believed everywhere, in all times, by everyone (Vincens of Lerinum)
1783quorum fidem finalem praescivit sive praevidit(God) pre-knew and fore-saw final faith of (whom). (Rom. 8:29)
1784quot natures humanae, tot personae humanaethere are as many human natures as there are human beings (how many human natures, so many personal human beings.)
1785quot Personae divinae, tot essentiae divinaethere are as many divine essences as there are divine persons
1786quot personae, tot essentiaethere are as many essences as there are persons
1787quotquothowever so many as
1788radixsource, root
1789raptus in coeluma confinement in heaven
1790ratio consequendi salutemthe plan will follow salvation
1791ratio Deum colendi sive Deo serviendi the plan in which God is worshipped and served: a definition of religion
1792ratione et respectu humanae naturaeby reason and in respect to the human nature
1793re ipsathing itself
1794realem naturarum communionema real communion of natures
1796realinspirationsubject of inspiration
1797realis communicatioa real communion of natures
1798realis communio naturaruman actual communion of natures
1799realiteractually; really; truly
1800reatus culpaethe state of guilt
1801reatus peccati Adamiticiaccusation / state of Adam’s sin
1802reatus poenaethe state of penalty
1803rebus bene gestisthings carried out well; ref. to job well done
1804recipere sive admittere operationes Spiritus Sanctito receive and to give entrance to the workings of the Holy Spirit (while part of faith, it hardly is sufficient definition of it)
1805reditus ad baptismuma return to baptism
1806redivivusre-used, secondhand
1807reductio ad absurdumreduction to the absurd
1808reformatio vitaetransformation of life
1809regeneratioregeneration, rebirth
1811Regium Christi officium triplex est: regnum potentiae, gratiae, gloriaethe royal office of Christ is threefold: the Kingdom of power, grace and glory
1812regnavit mundum non mediante carneHe ruled the world without the means of flesh. (Christ ruled the world without His human nature: an opinion held by some Lutheran theologians)
1813regnum gloriae(a ref, to Christ’s) Kingdom of glory
1814regnum gratiae(a ref. to Christ’s) Kingdom of grace, ie., the church
1815regnum millenariumthe millennial kingdom (the opinion that Christ shall reign on earth 1,000 years before the final judgment)
1816regnum potentiaekingdom of power
1817regula fideithe rule of faith
1818regula secundaria, subordinata Spirituia secondary rule or standard, subordinate to the Holy Spirit (The Quaker opinion of Scripture)
1821rem tantamgreat thing
1822remissio peccatorumforgiveness of sins
1823remissio peccatorum sive fides in Christumforgiveness of sins, or faith in Christ
1824remotissimathe most remote; the furthest removed
1825remunerativehaving the quality of rewarding
1826renovatiorenewal, renovation
1827reprobirejected, condemned
1828reprobusthe damned; unbelievers
1829Repugnat naturae angelicaeangelical nature fights back
1830res coelestisheavenly thing
1831res debitaa debt
1832res ethnicaa pagan thing or matter
1833res inanimataeinanimate objects
1834res ipsathe thing itself; content
1835res iustificajustifying thing (Christ and His work as the justifying ingredient in salvation)
1836res promissathe thing promised; the content of the promise: the promise of the Gospel is forgiveness
1837res sacramentithe sacramental matter; what the sacrament essentially is or offers
1839respectu actualis a peccato absolutioniswith consideration of actual absolution from sin (Christ’s resurrection as an actual absolution from sin)
1840resuscitatioresuscitation (-io: suffix)
1841retractioretraction; withdrawal (-i: suffix)
1842retrahere exercitium omnipotentiaeto withdraw the exercise of omnipotence
1843revelationes immediataenon-mediated revelations (self-revelations of God given without the benefits of means, eg. the word)
1844revelationes novaenew revelations (those given outside of Scripture)
1845reveraindeed; truly
1848Ritus, qui habent mandatum Dei, et quibus addita est promissio gratiae.(These) ceremonies (qualify as sacraments) which have been commanded by God and to which the promise of grace has been added.
1849rudis moles coeli et terraethe raw material of heaven and earth
1852sacramentum altarisSacrament of the Altar; Lord’s Supper
1853Sacramentum baptismi Christus surrogatum voluit circumcisioni.Christ wanted the sacrament of baptism to be the substitute for circumcision
1854sacramentum confirmationisthe sacrament of confirmation (in Lutheran theology, Lord’s Supper; in Roman Catholic theology, confirmation)
1855sacramentum initiationisthe sacrament of initiation (ref. to Baptism)
1857sacrificium intellectusa sacrifice of the reasoning (powers of the mind)
1858sacrificium intellectus et voluntatis a sacrifice of the intellect and will
1859sacrilegiumsacrilege; desecration
1860salus aeternaeternal salvation
1861sancta ecclesiathe holy church
1862sancta mater ecclesiaHoly Mother Church: the Roman Catholic Church
1863sanctae Dei voluntati conformis, amore et fiducia Dei praeditusconformed to the holy will of God, endowed with love and faithfulness to God
1864sanctitas Deithe holiness of God
1866sanguis corruptuscorrupt blood (the sinful nature)
1867sano sensusound sense
1868sapientia DeiGod’s wisdom
1869satisfactio (Christi) vicariathe sub-stitutionary atonement offered by Christ to God
1870satisfactio abundansabounding satisfaction
1871satisfactio operissatisfaction of work: the work whereby satisfaction is rendered to God: in Roman Catholic theology a part of penance
1872satisfactio superabundans very abundant satisfaction: Christ’s redemptive work as being more than sufficient to cancel man’s sin
1873Scientes autem, quod non iustificatur homo ex operibus legis, nisi per fidem Iesu Christiknowing however that a man is justified by works of the Law, unless by faith in Jesus Christ
1874scientia de futuribileknowledge of contingencies (knowledge of events which might take place)
1875Scientia de futuro conditionataknowledge of future circumstances
1876scientia DeiGod’s knowledge
1877scientia media knowledge of possibilities or contingencies
1878scientia naturalis, habitualis, experimentalisnatural, habitual, experimental knowledge (a natural knowledge, belonging to a person, capable of growth through the experience of knowledge)
1879scintillula fideithe little spark of faith (the smallest quantity of faith possible)
1880Scriatura Sacra non muta nisi in papatu, ubi prohibetur loquiHoly Scriptures are not silent, except in the papal churches, where it is prohibited from speaking
1881scriptio continuacontinuous script: a style of writing without spaces, or other marks between the words or sentences
1882scriptura ex Scriptura explicanda est.The Scriptures are interpreted from Scriptures; the Bible is self-explanatory
1883scriptura sacraHoly Scriptures
1884scriptura sacra est Deus incarnatusGod is incarnate in the Holy Scriptures (Luther)
1885scriptura sacra locuta, res decisa est.the Holy Scriptures have spoken, the issue is settled.
1886scriptura scripturam interprataturScripture is its own interpreter
1887scriptura sua radiat lucethe Scriptures are their own light
1888scripturam ex scriptura explicandam esseScriptures must be explained by Scriptures.
1889se adiungere Christoto unite oneself with Christ
1890se convertereto convert oneself
1891secreto habuitheld secretly; concealed
1892secunda tabulathe second plank: penance; used in Roman Cath. theology to indicate the way back to salvation. The first plank is Baptism
1893secundo locoin the second place
1894secundum numerumaccording to number
1895secundum quidin a certain respect
1896secundum societatem externorum signorumaccording to the external signs of the fellowship (hypocrites participating in the church’s rites, still not members of the church)
1897secundum speciemaccording to kind
1898secundum utramque naturamaccording to both natures
1899sedes doctrinaeseat of doctrine (a Biblical passage or passages upon which a particular doctrine is dependent)
1901seipsum exinanivitHe empties Himself. (Phil. 2:7)
1902semina virtutumthe seeds of virtue; inherent virtue or morality
1903semper idemalways the same
1904semper virgoalways a virgin
1905sensu latiorisin a wider sense
1906Sensus allegoricus non est argumentativus, nisi a Spiritu Sancto traditur.the allegorical sense (of a Biblical passage) is of little value in a dispute, unless it is taught by the Holy Spirit
1907sensus irae divinaethe feeling of divine wrath
1908sensus irae divinae propter peccata hominum imputataa feeling of the divine wrath because of one men’s sins imputed to Him
1911sequiturit follows
1913serio improbathe earnestly reproves
1914sermo de fide et trinitatesermon about faith and trinity
1915serpens verus, sed instrumentum diabolia true serpent but an instrument of the devil
1916servio in evangelioI serve in the Gospel
1917servitusservitude, bondage
1918servumservant, slave
1919sese exercereto exercise himself
1920sessio ad dextram DeiChrist’s sitting or session at God’s right hand
1921seu localisor local
1922si fides in Christum deficit, oratio peritIf faith in Christ fails, the prayer dies.: if there is no faith in Christ, the prayer has been ruined or is no longer existent
1923Si homo non periisset, Filius hominis non venissetif man had not been lost, the Son of Man would not have come. (a statement by St. Augustine indicating the purpose of Christ’s incarnation)
1924Sic Deus dilexit mundum, ut Filium suum unigenitum daret, ut omnis qui credit in eum non pereat, sed habeat vitam aeternamFor God loved the world, that He gave his only begotten Son that everyone who believes in Him will not perish but have everlasting life
1925sigillum, sigillaseal(s) (ref. theology.; ref, to means of grace)
1926signasigns (ref. theology, ref. to means of grace)
1927signa et testimoniasigns and witnesses
1928signatum praedicatur de signothe signed is predicated about sign (the symbol or the sin with qualities that belong to the thing itself)
1929signatum pro signo(substituting the thing) symbolized for the symbol
1930significabatit signifies.
1931significans corpussignifying the body
1932significatsignifies; represents
1933significat: symbolum est, figura est(in regard to the Lord’s Supper, Zwingli’s opinion that) it signifies: it is a symbol, it is a figure
1935signum absolutionis peccatorumsign that sins are forgiven
1936signum aut symbolumthe sign or symbol
1937signum corporisthe symbol of (Christ’s) body
1938signum pro signatosign for signing (substituting the sign or symbol for that which is symbolized)
1939simplicitas DeiThe Simplicity of God
1941simul mente complectamurWe embrace with minds at the same time (we take all these things into consideration at the same time)
1942sine bono motu utentiswithout using a good motive
1943sine finewithout end
1944sine mente sonisounds without meaning (sounds (nom.) without mind (abl.))
1945sit venia verbomay it be graced by a word (may there be forgiveness for the word)
1946sive claritasor brightness / glory
1947Socinus redivivussecondhand Socinianism (Non-trinitarian Christology)
1949sola culpa (hominis)alone by guilt (of man) (the damned who are lost because of their guilt alone (sins of man alone))
1950sola Dei gratiaGod’s grace alone
1951sola fide(s)faith alone (justification by faith)
1952Sola fides in Christum membra ecclesiae constituitFaith in Christ alone constitutes members of church. (Faith in Christ alone is the constituting factor for membership in the church)
1953sola gratiagrace alone
1954sola hominum culpa(by) men guilt alone (damnation)
1955sola Scripturaby Scripture alone (The Bible is the only source of theology)
1956sole clariusclearer than the sun
1957sole gratia Deialone by the grace of God
1958soli Deo gloriaglory to God alone
1959Soli Deo, non diabolo, λύτρον (ransom) persolvendum eratto God alone, not the devil, ransom is paid (demands the ransom payment)
1960solida materiasolid substance
1961solum evangeliumthe Gospel alone
1962somnium Phillippithe day-dream of Philipp Melanchthon, a reference to this reformer’s lack of doctrinal awareness on some points
1963sophia DeiGod’s wisdom
1964specialis approximatio Dei secundum substantiam ad substantiam credentiumspecial approach of God secondary substance towards trusting substance (God’s assumes such a special means of approach to the believers that the essence of God actually comes into contact with the believers)
1965specialis approximatio essentia divinaea special presence of the divine essence
1966specialis vocatiothe special calling (to salvation) (Ref. theology, the inner illumination of the Spirit to the elect)
1967speciem dominiithe appearance of dominion
1968specieskinds; appearance
1970spiritus completia complete spirit, i.e., an angel
1971spiritus enthusiasticusthe enthusiast (who claims direct contact with the) Spirit
1972spiritus incompletusan incomplete spirit; e.g., a human soul awaiting the bodily resurrection
1973spiritus sancti amanuensessecretaries to the Holy Spirit
1974spiritus sancti gratia applicatrix the application of grace by the Holy Spirit
1975Spiritus virtutemthe power of the Spirit
1977status controversiaestatus of controversy: the issue at stake in a doctrinal controversy or debate
1978status gratiaethe state of grace
1979status incredulitatisstatus of disbelief: the state of being an unbeliever
1980status integritatisstatus of integrity: the sinless state of man before the fall
1981status mediusan intermediate position (between two opposing alternatives: used to designate a position between belief and unbelief)
1982status originalisthe first state; original condition
1983status otiosusan idle state
1984status pacisthe state of peace
1985status peccatithe sinful state (of man after the Fall)
1986status quosituation in which (current situation)
1987status unionisthe state of union (in which the natures of Christ exist)
1988stipulatiocovenant, verbal agreement
1989stricte loquendostrictly speaking
1991stultissime respondethe answered in the most foolish (way)
1993stulto modoin a foolish way
1994stultum commentuma foolish comment
1995stultum illud commentumthis is a foolish remark or comment
1996suavi operationein a sweet way
1997sub una specieunder one kind (under one kind: a ref. to receiving only the bread in the Lord’s Supper)
1998sub utraque specieunder which (of two) and kinds (to receive the Lord’s supper under both kinds: ref. to bread and wine)
1999sub voceunder voice (in the category of)
2000subiectum convertendumconverted subject (man — the object of the act of conversion)
2001subiectum operationissubject of works (the recipient of a certain action: Eg. man is acted upon by the Holy Spirit)
2002subiectum propriumspecial subject (the distinct point where an action is directed)
2003subiectum quothe object through which (an action is carried out) (abl.)
2004subiectum quo peccati originalisthe place where sin originates (abl.)
2005subiectum quo primariumthe primary place (of origin) (abl.)
2006subiectum quo resurrectionisto whom does the resurrection apply (abl.)
2007subiectum quodthe subject which (nom/acc)
2008subiectum quod peccatithe responsible agent for sin (nom/acc)
2009subiectum quod resurrectionisthe subject of the resurrection; who works the resurrection (nom/acc)
2010subito et simulsuddenly and at once
2011subordinata Spirituisubordinate to the Spirit
2013substantia et essentiansubstance and essence
2014substantia individua intelligensan individual thinking substance: a person
2015substantia individua intelligens incommunicabilean individual incommunicable thinking substance
2016substantia materialis, quae proprie subsistitmaterial substance, which subsists in itself
2020sufficientiasufficient; being-sufficient
2021suffragiis delecti(os)those chosen by vote
2022suggestio verborumsuggestion of words: furnishing the words: ref. to verbal inspiration
2023summa papae potestasthe supreme power of the pope
2024sunt phrases legalesThey are legal phrases. (belongs to the Law) (phrasis, phrasis, phrasium)
2025sunt sophismata, quibus definitio rei tolliturin matters of sophistry the definition is always most important (Sophistry are, with which definition of things is destroyed.)
2026sunt vel Judaei vel Turcae vel Papistae vel hereticithey are Jews or Turks or papists or heretics
2027suopte iudicio condemnatusinner self-condemnation (condemned with his own judging)
2028superbiapride: one of the so-called mortal sins
2029supereminentiasuperiority; super-eminence
2030suppositum intelligensassumed understanding; a thinking self-existing being (used by Le Clere: suppositum refers to an independent individual thing)
2031supprimereto suppress
2033suum proprium esseof his men own to be: to have his own individuality
2034symbolasymbols: Ref. theology ref. to means of grace
2035symbola mysticaa mystical symbol: a Ref. term for the means of grace
2036symbolum est, figure est, significat(in regard to the Lord’s Supper, Zwingli’s opinion that) it is a symbol, it is a figure, it signifies
2037tacito consensutacit consent; approval by silence and lack of objection
2038tamen ipsa subatantia institutiones Christi sublata estnevertheless the very essence of Christ’s institution is endured
2039tamquam ordinationes Deias ordinances of God
2040tamquam subiectum patiensas patient subject (human will as a subject which endures the act of conversion)
2041tandemfinally; at last; ref. to final point in a statement or argument
2042tantum patitur, quod Deus in homine agita ref. to the human will experiencing only that which God works in man (He suffers so that God acts in man.)
2043tapeinosis (Gr.)a ref. to the humiliation of Christ’s divine nature; not used in Lutheran theology
2044temerehasty; rashly
2045tenacitas seu pertinax inhaerentia per omnem vitam(a ref. to corruption which) tenaciously and persistently clings in all life
2047tentatio probationisa temptation of the approval (the faithful)
2048tentatio seductionistemptation of seduction
2049tenuit eorum oculoshe holds their eyes (a ref. to Calvin’s interpretation of Luke 24:31, “He vanished out of their sight.”)
2050terminiboundary, limit, end; terminus
2051terminus (ad quem) propriusthe proper purpose (of an action)
2052terminus a quo conversionisend by which of conversion (starting point where conversion begins)
2053terminus ad quemend to which (final point)
2054terminus conversionis ad quemthe purpose or goal of conversion
2055terminus gratiae peremptoriusmortal/deadly limit of grace (that time when grace is withdrawn from an individual: that time when man no longer has the opportunity to refuse grace)
2056terminus peremportius salutis humanaedeadly limit of salvation of human (that period of grace after which salvation for a man is no longer possible)
2057terminus propriusthe ultimate goal
2058terminus vitaethe end of life
2059terminus, terminiterm(s); terminology
2061terra incognitaunknown land; an area of knowledge unknown to an individual
2063terrenae controversiaeearthly / worldly / secular controversies
2064terrores conscientiathe pangs of conscience (especially in regard to one’s eternal salvation)
2065terrores conscientiaeterrors of knowledge / conscience
2066tertium comparationisthe point of comparison (third of comparison) (the quality that two things which are being compared have in common)
2067tertium non daturonly two possibilities (no 3rd [possibility] is given)
2068tertivma third factor
2069tesseraetokens: ref to theology, ref. to means of grace
2070testes veritatistestimonies witness (witnesses of the truth)
2071testimonia Spiritus Sancti externaHoly Spirit external testimonies
2072testimonia, tesserae, signa, sigilla gratiae Dei propter Christum peccata remittentis(a ref. to the means of grace as) witness, tokens, signs, seals of the grace of God for Christ’s sake that sins of forgiving (have been forgiven)
2073testimonium externum sive indirectumthe external or indirect testimony (of the Holy Spirit: a ref. to sanctification in the narrow sense, eg. good works, etc. as evidence of the Spirits working in an individual)
2074testimonium externum Spiritus Sancti de fide et statua gratiaeHoly Spirit external testimony about faith and statue of grace (good works as the external witness or evidence to the Christian that he has faith and is in a state of grace)
2075testimonium internum sive directuminner or direct testimony
2076testimonium publicumpublic testimony (of the Holy Spirit: a ref. to faith as evidence of the Spirit’s working in an individual)
2077testimonium Spiritus Sanctithe witness of the Holy Spirit
2078testimonium Spiritus Sancti externumHoly Spirit external testimony
2079testimonium Spiritus Sancti internumthe internal witness of the Holy Spirit (within an individual)
2080testimonium veritatisa witness to the truth
2082textus receptusReceived Text: A Greek text of the New Testament prepared by Erasmus in the 16th century
2083theanthropos (Gr.) ,the God-man (Greek theos (God) and anthrōpos (man))
2084theologiatheology: study of the Christian doctrine
2085Theologia a Deo docetur, Deum docet, et ad Deum ducit.theology is taught by God teaches about God, and leads to God
2086theologia Acromaticaa detailed study of theology
2087theologia debet esse grammaticaTheology is indebted for grammar. (theology is dependent on a correct grammatical understanding)
2088theologia est habitus practicustheology is a practical attitude
2089theologia irregenitorumdoctrine of the unregenerate
2090theologia non est habitus demonstrativus, sed exhibitivusthe nature of theology cannot be demonstrative but presented
2091theologia positivapositive theology (Biblical theology without any antithetical statements)
2092theologia ἀρχέτυπος (archetypos)archetypal theology (God’s self-knowledge inaccessible to man)
2093theologia ἔκτυπος (ektypos)ectypal theology (the revelation or knowledge of God accessible to man)
2094theologusa theologian (a person well versed in Christian doctrine)
2095tohu wabobu (Heb.)confusion: Gen. 1:2 ”without form and void” (תֹ֙הוּ֙ וָבֹ֔הוּ)
2096tot, tanta, et taliaas many as, as large as, and as great as (quantity, size, and nature in a comparison)
2097tota nostra iustitia extra nosour entire justification takes place outside of us
2098totam Scripturam in infinitum et incertum chaos confundereto mix up all the Scriptures in an infinite and uncertain formless primordial matter (pit of Hell, Chaos)
2099toto impetuwith all his energy
2100totumthe whole thing
2101Tractus internus immediate operantis est Spiritusthe Spirit converts (a man) inwardly through a direct working, (i.e., without the means of grace)
2102Trahit Deus, sed volentem trahit; tantum velis et Deus praeoccurrit.God draws, but he draws the willing rne; only be willing and God anticipates (run to meet, oppose)
2103transcendentia Deithe transcendence of God (that quality by which He is removed from the created world)
2104transfusiotransfusion; pouring of one substance into another
2105transubstantiatiotrans-substantiation (Roman Catholic teaching the Lord’s Supper that there is a change in the sacramental substances)
2106tres causae conversionisthe three causes of conversion (an idea held by Calvin that the word, Holy Spirit and human will were the causes of salvation)
2107tres persona(s) et una(m) numero essentiam in divinitatethree persons and just one essence in the Godhead
2108tres realiter distinctae personnaethree really distinct persons
2109tria generathree classes (ref. to division of attributes in ChristoIogy)
2110tridentinumthe Decrees of the Council of Trent (1545-1510)
2111trinitastrinity, number 3
2112trium personarum unus est cultus divinusthere is one divine worship of the three persons
2113tropes fidei lumine deprehendi oportettropes must be understood in the light of faith: Zwingli
2114tropus, tropi, troposmetaphor, figure of speech, trope / of trope / acc. trope
2115truncustrunk; piece of wood (applicable to the unconverted human nature)
2116ubi faciat quaecumque velitWhere He does whatever He wants (God’s celestial activity)
2117ubiquitas corporisthe ubiquity of the body or human nature
2118ubivoli praesentiapresent wherever He wills (that presence whereby Christ may be present wherever He wills)
2119ubivoli-presencepresent wherever He wills (multivoli-presence)
2121una actio θεανδρικήan action of Christ is only one action of the God-Man (God-man joint action)
2122una ecclesiaone church
2123una numero actiojust one operation
2124una numero essentiawith one essence
2125una numero omnipotentiawith one sum omnipotence (the divine attribute of omnipotence is only one in number, hence Father and Son possess equally this one attribute)
2126una numero vitajust one life
2127una sanctawith one Holy (abbreviation for una sancta ecclesia; the one holy, Christian (Catholic) and Apostolic Church)
2128una sancta ecclesiaone holy church
2129unam numero essentiam divinamone divine essence
2131unica causa efficiensunique or sole efficient cause
2132unicum principium cognoscendithe sole source of authority in religion or philosophy (sole recognized beginning)
2133unicus, unica, unicumonly; singular; unparalleled
2134unin relativaa relative union (an union, closer in degree but not necessarily kind)
2135unio accidentalisaccidental union (a union of two things not necessarily belonging together and capable of disruption without; disturbing the essence of either thing; a temporary union)
2136unio commixtivamixed union
2137unio essentialisan essential union (a union involving uniting of the essences of two natures into one)
2138unio fidei formalisunion of formal faith (a description of faith whereby the believer is formally joined to Christ; not to be confused with the mystical union whereby Christ; as a result of faith, lives in the soul)
2139unio habitualishabitual union (having the appearance of an union)
2140unio mysticaa mystical union
2141unio naturalisa natural union
2142unio nominalisa union in name only
2143unio per adoptionemunion through adoption
2144unio per mitionem et conversioneman union through mixture and conversion
2145unio per operationeman union through operation
2146unio per revelationeman union through revelation
2147unio per voluntatem et assensuman union through will and assent
2148unio personalisthe personal union (between God and man)
2149unio realisreal union
2150unio relativarelative union (relation)
2151unio sacramentalissacramental union (the joining of the supernatural elements of the Holy Communion, i.e., Christ’s body and blood, with the natural elements, i.e., bread and wine)
2152unio significationisan union of signification; a symbolic union
2153unio significativa, repraesentativa, symbolica(a symbolic union) union which is signed of, represents; and is symbolical (of a concrete reality: Ref. theology in regard to the Lord’s Supper)
2154unio sustentativaa sustaining union
2155unio vera, realis, substantialisan actual, real, and substantial union
2156unisonoin unison; harmoniously
2157unitas essentiaeunity in essence
2158unitas operationisunity of operation
2159unitiounity, union
2160unitissima praesentiathe closest possible presence (between the two natures of Christ: See praesentissima unio)
2161unius numero essentiaejust of one essence
2163universalis gratiauniversal grace
2164universalis vocatiothe universal call (to salvation)
2165univoceadv. univocally
2166uno modoby one way
2167unum corpus mysticumone mystical body: the church as the mystical body of Christ
2168unus actusone act
2169unus Deusone God
2170Unus enim Deus, unus et Mediator Dei et hominum, homo Christus Iesus, qui dedit redemptionem semetipsum pro omnibusFor there is one God, and there is one mediator between God and men, the man Christ Jesus, who gave himself as a ransom for all (1 Timothy 2:5–6)
2171unus genereone kind: one in regard to classification; one of a kind; no other like it
2172unus numeronumber one
2173unus specieone type
2174usque ad nauseamall the way to nausea: to be repetitive as to bring a person to the point of sickness
2175usurpavithe uses; he seizes
2176usususe, practice
2177usus clenchiticusthe accusing use of the Law
2178usus didacticusone teaching
2179usus didacticus seu normaticusthe instructive or normative use (of the Law: The Law as a rule)
2180usus evangelicusevangelical use
2181usus instrumentalisinstrumental use
2182usus legalislegal use
2183usus loquendiuse of speaking (the way in which a word is used in ordinary speech)
2184usus paedagogicuseducational use (that purpose of the Law which convicts of sin and thus brings to Christ)
2185usus plenariusplenary use
2186usus politicus seu civilisthe political or civil use of the Law: the Law as a curb
2187usus rationis magisterialisuse of magisterial reason: the use of reason or the mind as a standard or norm of knowledge
2188usus rationis ministerialisuse of ministerial reason: the use of reason or the mind in the-service of acquiring knowledge
2189usus rationis organicususe of organic reason: the use of reason or the mind as an instrument in acquiring knowledge
2190ut aquila fertur in escamas eagle brings in food: as the eagle bears down on its prey
2191ut sit λύτρον et pretium sufficiens pro totius mundi peccatis, aequipollens poenis aeternisso that the ransom and price is sufficient for the sin of the whole world, being of equal everlasting penalty (a ref. to the power of Christ’s human nature (Admonitio Neostadiensis))
2192varbaleswords, verbs
2193variae Iectionesvariant readings
2194vasculumsmall vessel (vase)
2195vehiculuma vehicle (a means of conveyance; a ref. to one of the means of grace)
2196vel praedestinatioor predestination
2197vel tantulumor trifling / little
2198velle (volle)to desire
2199velle accipere (Christum)to wish and accept (Christ)
2200velle accipere gratiamto wish and accept grace
2201velle accipere promissionemto wish and accept promise
2202velle et accipereto wish and accept
2203velle gratiamto wish grace
2204velle remissionem peccatorumto want forgiveness of sins
2205velut aegrotumto consider a person as sick (as if a sick person)
2206veneratioveneration; respect; reverence venire
2207venirego for sale, be sold, be disposed for gain, come
2208veracitas DeiGod’s truthfulness
2210veram, sed supernaturalem manducationem corporis Christi, quemadmodum etiam vere, supernaturaliter tamen, sanguinem Christi bibi docemuswe teach the true, but still supernatural eating of the body of Christ, as also the true, but nevertheless super-natural drinking of the blood of Christ (Formula of Concord, Epitome)
2212verbalesadj. words
2214verbum visibilethe visible word; the sacraments
2215vere mereritruly or actually merit or earn
2216veritas et integritus humanae Christi naturaethe reality and integrity of Christ’s human nature
2217verum ministeriumthe true ministry
2218verus homotrue man
2219via salutisthe way of salvation
2220vicarium Christivicar of Christ
2221videbam tropikos dictum esse: ‘Hoc est corpus meum sed in qua poce lateret, non videbamI saw that this sentence was to be understood metaphorically, but I still did not see to which word the metaphor applied (Zwingli)
2224virtusvirtue(s); moral excellence
2225virtus et opus baptismthe inherent power and effectual operation of Baptism
2226virtus sacramentivirtue of sacrament: what gives the sacrament its sacramental character
2227virtute aliqua intrinsecaby virture of any intrinsic value
2228virtutem et opus baptismivirtue and work of baptism
2229vis collativacollected strength
2230vis conversiva et regenetrix Scripturae inhaerensthe converting and regenerating inherent power of the Scriptures
2231vis dativa (mediorum gratiae)the giving power (of the means of grace)
2232vis effectivaan effective power
2233vis effective sive operativathe effective or operative power
2234vis exhibitiva, dativa, collativapresented, given and contributed strength
2235vis intelligendi, intellectusthe power to think, the intellect
2236vis magicamagical power
2237vis operativa mediorum gratiaethe working power of the means of grace
2238vis partialispartial power (used in Arminian theology to refer to necessity of human power to complement the power in the means of grace)
2239vis vere divinetruly divine power
2240vis-a-visin relation to; (French: face to face)
2241visibile signumvisible sign
2242visibilis et localis praesentiathe visible and local presence: the ordinary presence of one object in a given apace
2243visio (Dei) beatificathe blessing vision of God
2244visio corporaliscorporal vision: seeing with the eyes of the body
2245visio mentalismental vision, vision of mind, spiritual eyes
2247viva vox; viva voceoral voice: the oral word in contradistinction to the written word; unwritten tradition
2249vivit(God) lives
2250vocabulawords, vocabulary
2251vocabulum simplex et metaphoricumsimple term and metaphorical term (original meaning and derived meaning)
2252vocalis et oralisvocal and oral
2253vocatiovocation, calling
2254vocatio directadirect vocation (extended solely through the message of the Gospel)
2255vocatio indirectaindirect vocation (extended through the natural knowledge of God (Acts 17:27))
2257volentes ac libens admittoIt pleases to admit willingly
2258volentes gratiamwilling grace
2259volentes scientesquewillingly and knowingly
2260voluntae secundasecond will (this implies an apparent change in God’s will)
2261voluntariuma voluntary thing
2263voluntas absconditathe hidden will of God
2264voluntas absolutaGod’s absolute will not dependent on means (absolute will)
2265voluntas antecedens(God’s first or) antecedent will
2266voluntas beneplacitigracious will
2267voluntas conditionata(God’s) will conditioned (by or contingent on human efforts)
2268voluntas consequens(God’s) consequent or second will (implies an apparent change in God’s will)
2269voluntas Dei antecedens et consequensGod’s first and second will
2270voluntas gratiaegracious will
2271voluntas irresistibilisirresistible will
2272voluntas iustitiaewill of justice
2273voluntas misericordiaewill of mercy
2274voluntas ordinataordained will: will dependent on means
2275voluntas primafirst will
2276voluntas prima, sive antecedens, et voluntas secunda, sive consequensfirst will, or previous, and second will, or consequent
2277voluntas resistibilisresistible will
2278voluntas revelatarevealed will
2279voluntas secundasecond will
2280voluntas seria et efficaxserious and effective will
2281voluntas signiwill of sign: God’s willed revealed through signs
2282vox ecclesiasticachurch voice
2283vox mediamiddle / center / medium / common voice
2284vox, vocesvoice, language, sentence
2285ἄλλο καὶ ἄλλοone thing and another (ref. to Christology. After the Incarnation there were two natures in Christ)
2286ἄλλος καὶ ἄλλος one thing and another (ref. to Christology. After the Incarnation there were two natures in Christ)
2287ἄλλος καὶ ἄλλος καὶ ἄλλοςone person and another person and another: ref. to Trinity
2288ἐγένετοbecame; the term used in John 1:14 referring the act of the incarnation
2289ἔνσαρκοςthe coming of the Son of God into the flesh: Incarnation
2290Θεοτόκοςthe God-Bearer: Mary
2291λόγος ἔνσαρκοςthe word comes
2292ὄργανον εὔχρηστον καὶ συνεργόνa useful and co-operating instrument
2293ποῦ beatorumthe place of the blessed: heaven
2294ποῦ damnatorumthe place of the damned
2295ποῦ inferni sive damnatorumthe lower region or place of the damned
2296נֶפֶשׁ (anima, animae)soul